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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF EMERGENCY PRACTICE AND TRAUMA   2018 , Volume 4 , Number 1 ; Page(s) 24 To 28.
 
Paper: 

THE USE OF ULTRASONOGRAPHY FOR THE CONFIRMATION OF PULLED ELBOW TREATMENT

 
 
Author(s):  HEYDARI FARHAD, SAMSAM SHARIAT SHIVA*, MAJIDINEJAD SAEED, MASOUMI BABAK
 
* EMERGENCY MEDICINE DEPARTMENT, ALZAHRA HOSPITAL, MEDICAL UNIVERSITY OF ISFAHAN, ISFAHAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Objective: The aim of this study was to use ultrasonography for the diagnosis and confirmation of Pulled Elbow treatment.
Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study initiated in 2014 and continued until 2015. We used simple sampling method and recruited 60 samples among patients aged 4 months to 6 years. The apparatus used in this study was an ultrasonogram with transducer 12 MHz probe. Ultrasound evaluation of both hands was undertaken and after reduction, the physical examination was performed to confirm the diagnosis made by ultrasonography. Then, the results were recorded by a physician in a checklist and entered into SPSS software (version 20) for further analysis.
Results: In this study, 60 children with pulled elbow injuries were studied. Of these, 27 patients (45%) were girls (female) and 33 (55%) were boys (male). This indicates the higher incidence of injury among males than females. The highest incidence of pulled elbow injury was observed in children aged 3 (15%). The accuracy of ultrasonography method for the confirmation of treatment was reported to be 92%.
Conclusion: This study aimed to confirm the considered therapeutic method based on the result of ultrasonography performed after the treatment. Accordingly, the sensitivity and specificity of ultrasonography in confirming the considered therapeutic method for the treatment of pulled elbow was obtained higher than 90%.

 
Keyword(s): ULTRASONOGRAPHY, X-RAY, PULLED ELBOW INJURY
 
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