Paper Information

Journal:   MILITARY CARING SCIENCES   SPRING 2017 , Volume 4 , Number 2 (12) #B0058; Page(s) 102 To 110.
 
Paper: 

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SELF-EFFICACY AND PERCEIVED STRESS IN SPOUSES OF VETERANS WITH POST-TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER

 
DOI: 

10.29252/mcs.4.2.102

 
Author(s):  SARBANAN A., ALIMOHAMMADZADEH KH.*, HOJJATI H.
 
* IRAN, TEHRAN, ISLAMIC AZAD UNIVERSITY TEHRAN NORTH BRANCH, HEALTH SERVICES MANAGEMENT DEPARTMENT
 
Abstract: 

Introduction: Living with someone who has a post-traumatic stress disorder of war can increase the stress and marital incompatibilities. These pressures can decrease the self-efficacy in veterans’ spouses.
Objective: This study was conducted to examine the relationship between self-efficacy and perceived stress in spouses of veterans suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder of war.
Material and Methods: In this descriptive correlational study, 187 spouses of veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder were selected from Kashan city using the simple random sampling method in 2016. The data collection tools were the Sherer self-efficacy questionnaire and perceived stress questionnaire, which were collected by the method of self-report. Then, the data were analyzed using descriptive statistics (mean, and standard deviation) and inferential statistics (Spearman correlation coefficient, Mann-Whitney test) by the SPSS 21 software.
Results: The rate of self-efficacy was 43.3±7.79 and the rate of perceived stress was 30.64±2.61. The Spearman correlation coefficient test showed a statistically significant correlation between self-efficacy and perceived stress (P=0.001, r=-0.4), so that with increasing self-efficacy, the perceived stress was reduced in veterans’ wives.
Discussion and Conclusion: This study shows that with increased self-efficacy, the amount of stress perceived by spouses of the veterans is reduced. Therefore, it is recommended to learn how to increase self-efficacy in coping with stress.

 
Keyword(s): PERCEIVED STRESS, PTSD, SELF-EFFICACY, SPOUSES, VETERANS
 
References: 
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