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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF AGROECOLOGY (كشاورزي بوم شناختي)   2017 , Volume 7 , Number 1 ; Page(s) 154 To 171.
 
Paper: 

INFLUENCE OF CROP MANAGEMENT PRACTICES AND SOIL CHARACTERISTICS ON WEED POPULATION AND SOIL SEED BANK IN SOYBEAN FIELDS

 
 
Author(s):  SOHRABI RAD EID MOHAMMAD, SIAHMARGUEE ASIEH*, KAZEMI HOSSEIN, GHADERIFAR FARSHID, GHEREKHLOO JAVID
 
* DEPARTMENT OF AGRONOMY, FACULTY OF CROP PRODUCTION, GORGAN UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES AND NATURAL RESOURCES, GORGAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Introduction: To design effective weed population control measures, the identification, characterization, and quantification of weed species within a certain area are important steps to form the basis for weed management (Kropff and Spitters 1991). Information on weed density, distribution, and species composition might also help to predict crop yield losses due to weeds and can help determine whether it is economical to control a specific weed problem. The population and seed bank of weeds is very dynamic. The population dynamics of these plants depends on climate and soil factors and farm management practices (Firehun and Tamado, 2006; Kumaraet al. 2007; Derksen et al.2002). Thus, the objectives of this study were to determine the composition and the soil seed bank of weeds in soybean fields in Kalaleh, Golestan Province, and to assess the influence of soil types and major agronomic practices on weed species and the soil seed bank.
Materials and methods: This study was performed to assess the influence of crop management practices and soil characteristics on density and composition of weed seedling and the soil seed bank of soybean fields in Kalaleh, Golestan Province, in 2014. Data on crop management practices (rotation, manure and chemical fertilizer used, field area, kinds of herbicide and seeds) and soil characteristics (pH, EC and organic matter) were collected from 200 soybean fields. Samplings of weed populations (seedlings) and the seed bank were carried out at the beginning of soybean growth (before implementing the control) with W method in 50 cm ×50 cm quadrates at 0-10 cm and 10-20 cm depths. Finally, the effects of soil and agronomic practices were investigated on dominant weeds using a multi-variate analysis.
Results and discussion: The survey of weed flora in Kalaleh soybean farms showed 16 plant species (belonging to 13 plant families) had infected the farms. The major observed species wereCyperus sp (70.60%), Sorghum halepenseL. (45.42%), Ipomoea spp. (37.19%), Cucumis melo (30.33%), and Cleome viscos a L. (27.29%). Seeds of 19 species were observed in depths of 0-10 cm. and 20 species were observed in depths of 10-20 cm. The major species observed in both depths wereAmaranthus sp., Portulaca oleraceae L., and Cleomea viscosa L. The results of the multi-variate analysis indicated that the effect of crop management and soil factors had different effects on seedlings and the soil seed bank of weeds. Generally, crop management practices had a greater effect than soil characteristics. In this study, herbicides (seedling and seed bank), manure (seed bank) and pH (seedlings) were the major factors that affected weed population and the seed bank.
Conclusion: According to the dominance of five species including Cyperus sp., Sorghum halopense, Ipomoea sp., Cucumis meloand Cleome viscosa in weed flora and the seeds of three species, Amaranthus sp., Portulaca oleraceaeand Cleome viscosa in the soil seed bank, it can be said that the above species contribute significantly to the reduction of soybean yields in this region. The results showed thatfarmers’ management practices have a greater impact on the weed population and the seed bank than soil factors do.

 
Keyword(s): CROP FACTORS, IMPORTANCE VALUE INDEX, MULTI-VARIATE ANALYSIS, NOXIOUS WEEDS
 
 
References: 
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APA: Copy

SOHRABI RAD, E., & SIAHMARGUEE, A., & KAZEMI, H., & GHADERIFAR, F., & GHEREKHLOO, J. (2017). INFLUENCE OF CROP MANAGEMENT PRACTICES AND SOIL CHARACTERISTICS ON WEED POPULATION AND SOIL SEED BANK IN SOYBEAN FIELDS. JOURNAL OF AGROECOLOGY (کشاورزی بوم شناختی), 7(1 ), 154-171. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=570921



Vancouver: Copy

SOHRABI RAD EID MOHAMMAD, SIAHMARGUEE ASIEH, KAZEMI HOSSEIN, GHADERIFAR FARSHID, GHEREKHLOO JAVID. INFLUENCE OF CROP MANAGEMENT PRACTICES AND SOIL CHARACTERISTICS ON WEED POPULATION AND SOIL SEED BANK IN SOYBEAN FIELDS. JOURNAL OF AGROECOLOGY (کشاورزی بوم شناختی). 2017 [cited 2021May18];7(1 ):154-171. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=570921



IEEE: Copy

SOHRABI RAD, E., SIAHMARGUEE, A., KAZEMI, H., GHADERIFAR, F., GHEREKHLOO, J., 2017. INFLUENCE OF CROP MANAGEMENT PRACTICES AND SOIL CHARACTERISTICS ON WEED POPULATION AND SOIL SEED BANK IN SOYBEAN FIELDS. JOURNAL OF AGROECOLOGY (کشاورزی بوم شناختی), [online] 7(1 ), pp.154-171. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=570921.



 
 
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