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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF AGROECOLOGY (كشاورزي بوم شناختي)   2017 , Volume 7 , Number 1 ; Page(s) 109 To 123.
 
Paper: 

ANALYZING SOYBEAN YIELD CONSTRAINTS IN GORGAN AND ALIABAD KATUL USING CPA METHOD

 
 
Author(s):  NEHBANDANI ALIREZA*, SOLTANI AFSHIN, ZEINALI EBRAHIM, HOSEINI FARIMA
 
* DEPARTMENT OF AGRONOMY, GORGAN UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES AND NATURAL RESOURCES, GORGAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Introduction: Removing the yield gap (the difference between farmed yield and potential yield) is known as the most important way to increase crop production (Egli and Hatfield, 2014). Therefore, the amount of yield gap and the reasons for it are important. Soybeans [Glycine max (L.) Merrill] are one of the most important oilseed crops in the world (FAOSTAT, 2016). In Iran, the area of soybean cultivation is up to 66,000 hectares and annual production is 151,000 tons (Ministry of Agriculture Jihad, 2013). This does not meet domestic requirements, however, so soybean production should be increased. For this purpose, a field study was conducted in 138 farms using an application of regression modeling in 2013-15 in cities of Gorgan and Aliabad Katul.
Materials and methods: Farms were selected with the help of agricultural service centers. Based on information provided by the service centers, farms were selected based on their diversity in terms of area under cultivation, management and yield. Management factors included a history of production, planting methods, inoculated or noninoculated seed with bacteria, seed rate, nitrogen fertilizer (N) rate, phosphorus fertilizer (P2O5) rate, potash fertilizer rate, the number of plowings, planting date, cultivar type, previous crop, use or non-use of N fertilizer top-dressing, number of N fertilizer top-dressing, use or non-use of herbicides, use or non-use of pesticides, animal manure type, irrigation type and amount, harvest methods, and others (a total of 67 management factors). All information about management operations were recorded and measured. Then, the relationship between actual yield and the 67 management variables were assessed using stepwise regression.
Results and discussion: The average yield for farms was 2,908 kg per hectare and the maximum yield was 5,100 kg per hectare. Model Root Mean Square Error (RMSE) was 274 kg per hectare and coefficient of variation (CV) was 9 percent. These statistics showed that the accuracy of the model was acceptable. Therefore, the model could be used to determine the yield gap and the share of yield constraints. Model yield, on average, was estimated at 2,918 kg per hectare and maximum yield was 4,820 kg per hectare. In this model, total yield gap has been estimated at 1,902 kg per hectare. Accordingly, the most important factors in yield gap for the region included: number of irrigations with 29% (equivalent to 535 kg per hectare), net nitrogen with 22% (equivalent to 419 kg per hectare), P2O5 with 20% (equivalent to 365 kg per hectare), planting date with 16% (equivalent to 302 kg per hectare) and disk number with 13% (equivalent to 250 kg per hectare).
Conclusion: With optimized items listed, soybean yield could be increased approximately 1,871 kg per hectare in Gorgan and Aliabad Katul. Use of this method isn’t suitable for determining optimum values. In order to determine optimum values for each listed item, other methods can be used for yield gap analysis, such as a boundary line analysis.

 
Keyword(s): IRRIGATION, NITROGEN FERTILIZER, PHOSPHORUS FERTILIZER, YIELD GAP
 
 
References: 
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Click to Cite.
APA: Copy

NEHBANDANI, A., & SOLTANI, A., & ZEINALI, E., & HOSEINI, F. (2017). ANALYZING SOYBEAN YIELD CONSTRAINTS IN GORGAN AND ALIABAD KATUL USING CPA METHOD. JOURNAL OF AGROECOLOGY (کشاورزی بوم شناختی), 7(1 ), 109-123. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=570908



Vancouver: Copy

NEHBANDANI ALIREZA, SOLTANI AFSHIN, ZEINALI EBRAHIM, HOSEINI FARIMA. ANALYZING SOYBEAN YIELD CONSTRAINTS IN GORGAN AND ALIABAD KATUL USING CPA METHOD. JOURNAL OF AGROECOLOGY (کشاورزی بوم شناختی). 2017 [cited 2021May11];7(1 ):109-123. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=570908



IEEE: Copy

NEHBANDANI, A., SOLTANI, A., ZEINALI, E., HOSEINI, F., 2017. ANALYZING SOYBEAN YIELD CONSTRAINTS IN GORGAN AND ALIABAD KATUL USING CPA METHOD. JOURNAL OF AGROECOLOGY (کشاورزی بوم شناختی), [online] 7(1 ), pp.109-123. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=570908.



 
 
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