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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF AGROECOLOGY (كشاورزي بوم شناختي)   2017 , Volume 7 , Number 1 ; Page(s) 17 To 32.
 
Paper: 

THE EFFECT OF ADDITIVE INTERCROPPING OF MAIZE AND SORGHUM WITH LEGUMES ON YIELD, FORAGE QUALITY AND WEED DRY WEIGHT

 
 
Author(s):  NIKNIAEI AMIR BARDIA, AKBARI GHOLAMABBAS*, CHAEICHI MOHAMMADREZA, RAHIMIAN MASHHADI HAMID, AFZALZADEH AHMAD, GHORBANI JAVID MAJID
 
* DEPARTMENT OF AGRONOMY AND PLANT BREEDING SCIENCES, COLLEGE OF ABURAIHAN, UNIVERSITY OF TEHRAN, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Introduction: Intercropping has many advantages including improved soil conditions (Chen et al., 2004), increased resources and better weed control (Banik et al., 2006). Due to their positive effect on forage quality, intercropping of cultures has an important role in farming systems. Furthermore, intercropping improves absorption of solar radiation, increases the activity of soil microorganisms and contributes to better weed- and pest-resistant conditions (Karadage, 2004). The goal of this research is to investigate intercropping of maize and sorghum with legumes, such as mung beans, cowpeas and clover, in order to evaluate the benefits. The benefits should include increased yield, improved quality forage (higher protein levels), and better weed control. Intercropping should best suit the climatic conditions of the region and improve agricultural practices.
Materials and methods: In order to investigate the effect of additive intercropping of maize and sorghum with legumes on qualitative and quantitative forage and weed growth, a field experiment was carried out over two years, in the 2011-12 growing seasons in the village of Mafin-Abad, in the Eslamshahr region of Tehran Province. Maize and sorghum monoculture and their intercropping with three different legumes (mung beans, cowpeas and berseem clover) in different additive intercropping systems were compared in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications. The traits evaluated in this study include yield, forage dry matter, protein, index against ground, and economic advantages.
Results and discussion: The results showed that intercropping increased forage dry matter and crude protein. Intercropping also significantly decreased weed dry weight. In all intercropping treatments, LER was above 1, indicating yield advantages for intercropping. Maize and cowpeas in the 100% density treatment showed the best results over both years and produced the highest dry forage yield, LER and CP and the least amount of weed dry weight. Based on the results of this experiment, it could be concluded that maize and sorghum-legume intercropping could substantially increase forage quality and quantity. These intercrops can be recommended to replace monoculture systems. Maize and sorghum-cowpea additive intercropping could be highly recommended because of higher forage quality and quantity with fewer side effects on the environment.
Conclusion: The results showed that intercropping could be used to increase yield, improve forage quality and weed control. Intercropping cultures also indicated that LER was more than 1 and led to a higher economic profit in comparison with a monoculture. This can be a suggestion for farmers to use intercropping in this recommended form. In the intercropping of maize and sorghum and cowpea, particularly with a density of 100%, cowpea clearly manifests itself. Therefore, intercropping can be recommended to farmers as a way to boost performance, revenue, forage quality (protein) and control weeds.

 
Keyword(s): ADDITIVE INTERCROPPING, LAND EQUIVALENT RATIO (LER), PROTEIN PERCENTAGE, WEED DRY WEIGHT
 
 
References: 
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APA: Copy

NIKNIAEI, A., & AKBARI, G., & CHAEICHI, M., & RAHIMIAN MASHHADI, H., & AFZALZADEH, A., & GHORBANI JAVID, M. (2017). THE EFFECT OF ADDITIVE INTERCROPPING OF MAIZE AND SORGHUM WITH LEGUMES ON YIELD, FORAGE QUALITY AND WEED DRY WEIGHT. JOURNAL OF AGROECOLOGY (کشاورزی بوم شناختی), 7(1 ), 17-32. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=570872



Vancouver: Copy

NIKNIAEI AMIR BARDIA, AKBARI GHOLAMABBAS, CHAEICHI MOHAMMADREZA, RAHIMIAN MASHHADI HAMID, AFZALZADEH AHMAD, GHORBANI JAVID MAJID. THE EFFECT OF ADDITIVE INTERCROPPING OF MAIZE AND SORGHUM WITH LEGUMES ON YIELD, FORAGE QUALITY AND WEED DRY WEIGHT. JOURNAL OF AGROECOLOGY (کشاورزی بوم شناختی). 2017 [cited 2021May18];7(1 ):17-32. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=570872



IEEE: Copy

NIKNIAEI, A., AKBARI, G., CHAEICHI, M., RAHIMIAN MASHHADI, H., AFZALZADEH, A., GHORBANI JAVID, M., 2017. THE EFFECT OF ADDITIVE INTERCROPPING OF MAIZE AND SORGHUM WITH LEGUMES ON YIELD, FORAGE QUALITY AND WEED DRY WEIGHT. JOURNAL OF AGROECOLOGY (کشاورزی بوم شناختی), [online] 7(1 ), pp.17-32. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=570872.



 
 
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