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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF AGROECOLOGY (كشاورزي بوم شناختي)   2017 , Volume 7 , Number 1 ; Page(s) 1 To 16.
 
Paper: 

A PERFORMANCE ASSESSMENT OF THE AGROECOSYSTEM OF FORAGE MAIZE UNDER DIFFERENT TILLAGE METHODS AND CROP RESIDUE MANAGEMENT

 
 
Author(s):  ASADI SARYAZDI ABASS, VEISI HADI*, MIRZAI TALARPOSHTI REZA, LIAGHATI HOUMAN, KHOSHBAKHT KHOROS
 
* DEPARTMENT OF AGROECOLOGY, ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES RESEARCH INSTITUTE, SHAHID BEHESHTI UNIVERSITY, G.C., TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Introduction: Conservative agriculture with minimal adverse effects on the environment has been the subject of great interest recently as a means of promoting sustainable crop production and food security (Nkala et al., 2011). The approach is practiced in large-scale commercial agriculture. Conservative agriculture also encourages the optimal utilization of resources such as soil and water and helps the sustainability of products in the agroecosystem (Stavi et al., 2016). Nonetheless, due to the diversity of conservation farming operations around the world, it is critical to prioritize different tillage methods according to cultivation conditions and climatic conditions (Miller et al., 2012). The main objective of this study was i) to assess the efficacy of different conservative soil tillage (minimum and/or zero tillage) in combination with crop residue and fertilizer management in achieving maximum crop production; and ii) to assess the effects of management practices on agroecosystem performance using agronomic and environmental data and scoring function descriptions.
Materials and methods: To achieve the goals, a field experiment was carried out involving 7 treatments with varying combinations of different tillage methods, crop residues and fertilizer management on a field of maize which was planted after the cultivation of a wheat crop. At the end of the growing season, the chemical and physical soil properties as well as the total yield of corn were measured. The physical and chemical parameters measured in the soil included electrical conductivity, field capacity, available water, porosity, pH, soil organic carbon, total crop biomass and maize yield. Agroecosystem performance was assessed using a computer program entitled the AgroEcosystem Performance Assessment Tool (AEPAT). It utilizes performance-based index methodology to derive a relative ranking of agroecosystem performance among management practices for functions and indicators included in the procedure. Data measured by the software AEPAT are rated from 0-100 to calculate two agroecosystem functions including conservation agriculture and food production.
Results and discussion: The results showed that “stalk chopper+disc+100 kg N-fertilizer+ditcher” treatment resulted in the maximum amounts for field capacity (25.63%), available water (15.63%), porosity (49.2%) and organic carbon (0.73%). The highest total biomass (87.3 th-1) and ear yield (23.8 tha-1) was also obtained using this treatment. In contrast, the lowest amounts for these parameters were obtained with the “stubble burning + disc + ditcher” treatment. This was due to the stubble burning which increased the soil electrical conductivity and reduced the physical and chemical soil quality. On the other hand, leaving the on-farm residue in place plays an important role in regulating electrical conductivity and soil salinity. It can be concluded that the type of agriculture practiced affects the soil physicochemical properties to a high extent. Leaving crop residue in the field may increase the soil biological activity resulting in soil porosity and aggregation. The analysis on sustainability of agricultural practices showed that “stalk chopper+disc+100 kg N-fertilizer+ditcher” treatment had the highest score for agroecosystem performance (61.21) in terms of both optimum yield and sustainability. The lowest score of 7.63 was obtained with “stubble burning+disc+ditcher” treatment.
Conclusion: In conclusion, it was demonstrated that conservative tillage in combination with crop residue not only led to a higher maize yield but also improved the soil quality. Nonetheless, for conservative tillage to be effective adequate N-fertilizer, as a starter to provide needed crop growth nutrients, must be applied. In addition, the efficiency of the indexing score is critical in discriminating between different agricultural practices within and across agroecosystem functions. The agricultural practices had a direct effect on agroecosystem performance and the soil physicochemical properties can be used as an index to assess agroecosystem function and performance.

 
Keyword(s): CONSERVATIVE TILLAGE, FORAGE MAIZE, PHYSICOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES, AGROECOSYSTEM PERFORMANCE, SOIL FUNCTION, YIELD FUNCTION
 
 
References: 
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APA: Copy

ASADI SARYAZDI, A., & VEISI, H., & MIRZAI TALARPOSHTI, R., & LIAGHATI, H., & KHOSHBAKHT, K. (2017). A PERFORMANCE ASSESSMENT OF THE AGROECOSYSTEM OF FORAGE MAIZE UNDER DIFFERENT TILLAGE METHODS AND CROP RESIDUE MANAGEMENT. JOURNAL OF AGROECOLOGY (کشاورزی بوم شناختی), 7(1 ), 1-16. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=570861



Vancouver: Copy

ASADI SARYAZDI ABASS, VEISI HADI, MIRZAI TALARPOSHTI REZA, LIAGHATI HOUMAN, KHOSHBAKHT KHOROS. A PERFORMANCE ASSESSMENT OF THE AGROECOSYSTEM OF FORAGE MAIZE UNDER DIFFERENT TILLAGE METHODS AND CROP RESIDUE MANAGEMENT. JOURNAL OF AGROECOLOGY (کشاورزی بوم شناختی). 2017 [cited 2021May18];7(1 ):1-16. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=570861



IEEE: Copy

ASADI SARYAZDI, A., VEISI, H., MIRZAI TALARPOSHTI, R., LIAGHATI, H., KHOSHBAKHT, K., 2017. A PERFORMANCE ASSESSMENT OF THE AGROECOSYSTEM OF FORAGE MAIZE UNDER DIFFERENT TILLAGE METHODS AND CROP RESIDUE MANAGEMENT. JOURNAL OF AGROECOLOGY (کشاورزی بوم شناختی), [online] 7(1 ), pp.1-16. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=570861.



 
 
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