Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF APPLIED FLUID MECHANICS (JAFM)   2016 , Volume 9 , Number 4; Page(s) 1955 To 1962.
 
Paper: 

EFFECT OF CUBIC TEMPERATURE PROFILES ON FERRO CONVECTION IN A BRINKMAN POROUS MEDIUM

 
Author(s):  NANJUNDAPPA C.E., SHIVAKUMARA I.S., ARUNKUMAR R.*
 
* DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS, SAI VIDYA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, BANGALORE- 560 064, INDIA
 
Abstract: 

The effect of cubic temperature profiles on the onset ferroconvection in a Brinkman porous medium in presence of a uniform vertical magnetic field is studied. The lower and upper boundaries are taken to be rigidisothermal and ferromagnetic. The Rayleigh-Ritz method with Chebyshev polynomials of the second kind as trial functions is employed to extract the critical stability parameters numerically. The results indicate that the stability of ferroconvection is significantly affected by cubic temperature profiles and the mechanism for suppressing or augmenting the same is discussed in detail. It is observed that the effect of Darcy numberDa, magnetic number 1 M and nonlinearity of the fluid magnetization parameter 3 M is to hasten, while an increase in the ratio of viscosity parameterl and Biot number Bi is to delay the onset of ferroconvection in a Brinkman porous medium. Further, increase in Bi, M1, M3 and decrease inl, Da is to decrease the size of the convection cells.

 
Keyword(s): FERROFLUID, CUBIC TEMPERATURE PROFILES, FERRO CONVECTION IN BRINKMAN POROUS MEDIUM, RAYLEIGH-RITZ TECHNIQUE
 
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