Paper Information

Journal:   THE JOURNAL OF NEPHRO-UROLOGY MONTHLY   NOVAMBER 2016 , Volume 8 , Number 6; Page(s) 0 To 0.
 
Paper: 

NEGATIVE RELIGIOUS COPING, POSITIVE RELIGIOUS COPING, AND QUALITY OF LIFE AMONG HEMODIALYSIS PATIENTS

 
 
Author(s):  TAHERI KHARAMEH ZAHRA, ZAMANIAN HADI*, MONTAZERI ALI, ASGARIAN AZADEH, ESBIRI ROYA
 
* SCHOOL OF PUBLIC HEALTH, QOM UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, QOM, IR IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: Religious coping is known as a main resource influencing how individuals cope with the complications and stressors of chronic disease.
Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between religious coping and quality of life among hemodialysis patients.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Qom, Iran, from June 2012 to July 2013. Ninety-five end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients undergoing hemodialysis were selected via the convenience sampling method. Data were collected via a questionnaire comprising items on sociodemographic information, quality of life, the anxiety and depression scale, and religious coping. Following this, the data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and logistic regression analysis.
Results: The mean age of patients was 50.4 (standard deviation [SD] =15.7) years, and most were male (61%). The mean score for positive religious coping was 23.38 (SD= 4.17), while that for negative religious coping was 11.46 (SD=4.34). It was found that 53.6% of patients had higher than the mean score of positive religious coping, while those with negative religious coping made up 37.9%. Negative religious coping was associated with worse quality of life, including physical functioning (odds ratio [OR] =0.72; P=0.009), role physical (OR=0.79; P=0.04), vitality (OR=0.62; P=0.005), social functioning (OR=0.69; P=0.007), and mental health (OR=0.58; P=0.01) after controlling for sociodemographic, clinical, and anxiety and depression variables.
Conclusions: The results indicated that patients with negative religious coping abilities were at risk of a suboptimal quality of life. Incorporating religious support in the care of hemodialysis patients may be helpful in improving quality of life in this patient population. Further longitudinal studies are needed to determine whether these associations are causal and the direction of effect.

 
Keyword(s): NEGATIVE RELIGIOUS COPING, POSITIVE RELIGIOUS COPING, QUALITY OF LIFE, HEMODIALYSIS
 
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