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Paper Information

Journal:   MODARES CIVIL ENGINEERING JOURNAL   APRIL 2017 , Volume 17 , Number 1 ; Page(s) 43 To 52.
 
Paper: 

ASSESSMENT OF THE PARK-ANG DAMAGE INDEX FOR SEISMIC PERFORMANCE LEVELS OF RC MOMENT FRAMES

 
 
Author(s):  PAZOUKI M., TASNIMI A.*
 
* STRUCTURAL ENG. DEPT., FACULTY OF CIVIL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENG., TARBIAT MODARES UNIVERSITY
 
Abstract: 

The main goal of seismic design is to provide required safety level during earthquake, and to make a structure remain repairable. According to the available reports of recent earthquakes, structures designed using force based design procedures are not precise enough in eliminating the damage of structures. Therefore, a new generation of design codes based on the performance level design procedure is introduced. In order to estimate the amount of damage in structural elements, related criteria are defined as damage indices. Damage indices are functions of damage variables and indicate the effect of thevariables on the element’s damage. Park-Ang damage index is among the most important damage indices, which shows the damage of reinforced concrete elements as a linear combination of maximum deformations and absorbed cyclic energy. The analytical value for this damage index is set to be zero if there is no damage, and 1.0 for the collapse of the element. The Park-Ang damage index in non-negative and shows the reduction of element’s resistance in cyclic loading. It also specifies energy dissipation and the strength damage of the elements. This factor has been used for calibrating damage index. It has been found that the damage index is merged with one in the failure point. Applying this model in structural systems requires determination of an overall member’s deformation. Since inelastic behavior is limited to plastic zones adjacent to the ends of a member, it is difficult to define the relationship between overall member deformation, local plastic rotations and the damage index. Therefore, a modified version of this model has been developed by Kunnath et al.
The most important difference between Kunnath model and Park-Ang model is representing the equation based on the moment-curvature diagram and replacing the non-dimensional factor with the strength deterioration factor in a hysteretic model. Supposing this factor as a constant will increase the diversion of the damage index in collapse prevention performance level. In this paper, the Park-Ang damage index and its improved relations has been evaluated for the various performance levels, including immediate occupancy, life safety and the collapse prevention levels. For this purpose, three reinforced concrete frames with different numbers of stories, was each designed for three performanc levels. Nonlinear dynamic analysis has been carried out with seven earthquake acceleration records. Finally, the damage analysis has been performed. The damage index has been derived for all of the nine frames and the values of damage indices have been evaluated. The beam damage indices are related directly to the rotation which happens in the plastic hinges. In components with immediate occupancy level, this linear characteistic is more clear; however, by increase in the rotation of the componenets or in the collapse prevention level, damage indices will diverge more. It has been shown that this damage index needs to be investigated at the collapse prevention level and the second part of the damage index (strength damage) shall be determinedby the element’s type and level of performance. The sensitivity of damage index to the column damages is little and the damage caused by the weak story is low and needs to be evaluated.

 
Keyword(s): DAMAGE INDEX, PERFORMANCE LEVELS, RC MOMENT RESISTING FRAMES, SEISMIC PERFORMANCE
 
 
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Citations: 
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+ Click to Cite.
APA: Copy

PAZOUKI, M., & TASNIMI, A. (2017). ASSESSMENT OF THE PARK-ANG DAMAGE INDEX FOR SEISMIC PERFORMANCE LEVELS OF RC MOMENT FRAMES. MODARES CIVIL ENGINEERING JOURNAL, 17(1 ), 43-52. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=570238



Vancouver: Copy

PAZOUKI M., TASNIMI A.. ASSESSMENT OF THE PARK-ANG DAMAGE INDEX FOR SEISMIC PERFORMANCE LEVELS OF RC MOMENT FRAMES. MODARES CIVIL ENGINEERING JOURNAL. 2017 [cited 2021August01];17(1 ):43-52. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=570238



IEEE: Copy

PAZOUKI, M., TASNIMI, A., 2017. ASSESSMENT OF THE PARK-ANG DAMAGE INDEX FOR SEISMIC PERFORMANCE LEVELS OF RC MOMENT FRAMES. MODARES CIVIL ENGINEERING JOURNAL, [online] 17(1 ), pp.43-52. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=570238.



 
 
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