Paper Information

Journal:   MYTHO-MYSTIC LITERATURE JOURNAL (PERSIAN LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE JOURNAL)   WINTER 2018 , Volume 13 , Number 49 #F0060; Page(s) 203 To 233.
 
Paper: 

CAUSE AND EFFECT AND MEANS AND CAUSED THINGS IN SUFISM

 
Author(s):  MAHMOODPOOR LOQMAN*
 
* PAYAME NOOR UNIVERSITY (PNU), TEHRAN BRANCH
 
Abstract: 

"Cause and effect" and "means and caused things" are theological and philosophical issues of Sufism. So far, the general understanding has been that Sufis have denied causation and consider God as real agent. The purpose of the present article is to examine these issues and to explain how Sufis believe in them. The issue of "cause and effect" has been studied in various Persian and Arabic texts, prose and verse, as well as in theological texts. The results show that, according to Sufism, "cause and effect" is something other than "means and caused things". The whole world and its phenomena are caused by an agent, "Divine Act", God is necessarily existent by itself and beyond Him there is no real cause in the world. According to Sufis' terms, what is called "cause and effect" is "means and caused things" or " the world of wisdom". So, based on this view, they have not denied cause and effect. In the belief of Muslim Sufis, "means and caused things" act on the basis of Divine traditions, they believe that God can create "caused things" without "means" and call it "the world of power".

 
Keyword(s): SUFIS, CAUSE AND EFFECT, MEANS AND CAUSED THINGS, ISLAMIC THEOLOGY, ASHARITES AND MUTAZILA
 
References: 
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