Paper Information

Journal:   MYTHO-MYSTIC LITERATURE JOURNAL (PERSIAN LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE JOURNAL)   WINTER 2018 , Volume 13 , Number 49 #F0060; Page(s) 75 To 107.
 
Paper: 

THE OPPOSITIONAL STRUCTURE OF THE STORY OF SIAVASH, BASED ON THE THEORY OF LEVI-STRAUSS

 
 
Author(s):  CHAHARMAHALI MOHAMMAD, SHABANZADEH MARYAM, HASSANABADI MAHMOUD
 
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Abstract: 

In the mythical-epic story of Siavash in Shahnameh, "opposition" is an impressive concept and shows itself in the relationships between characters and events. Based on the theory of Levi-Strauss, in this story, the basis of all events is two opposed principles: "attribution of high value to kinship relations" and "attribution of low value to kinship relations". There are two kind of "opposition" in the story. 1. Internal opposition that refers to confrontation between Sudabeh and Siavash in the land of Iran and the harem of Kai Kavus, this opposition provokes Siavash's pride and then his rejection, also it refers to the battle between Kai Khosrow and Fariborz, and Tus and Goudarz's controversy in favor of the two characters in the succession of Kai Kavus. The cause of this confrontation is kinship and blood-relationship or, as Levi-Strauss says, "attribution of high value to kinship relations". 2. External opposition that refers to the conspiracy of Garsivaz and the quarrel of Afrasiab with Siavash that leads to the death of Siavash. The cause of this confrontation is enmity and hostility or, as Levi-Strauss says, "attribution of low value to kinship relations". Also, the principle of "attribution of high value to kinship relations" refers to the dream of Afrasiab and Siavash and the principle of "attribution of low value to kinship relations" refers to the dream of Piran Viseh and Goudarz Kashvad.

 
Keyword(s): OPPOSITION, SIAVASH, SHAHNAMEH, LEVI-STRAUSS, KINSHIP AND CONSANGUINITY
 
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