Paper Information

Journal:   PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGION RESEARCH (NAMAH-I HIKMAT)   FALL 2016-WINTER 2017 , Volume 14 , Number 2 (28) #R0039; Page(s) 149 To 162.
 
Paper: 

FAKHR AL-DIN RAZI ON EPISTEMOLOGY OF HUMAN BEING FROM A RELIGIOUS VIEWPOINT

 
 
Author(s):  SOLTANIAN KEIHAN*, MAHDAVINEZHAD MOHAMMAD HOSSEIN, AZHDAR ALIREZA
 
* PAYAME NOOR UNIVERSITY, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Philosophical study of human being can be undertaken both ontologically and epistemologically. By analyzing religious texts about anthropological issues, al-Razi has reflected upon the situation of human knowledge. He has addressed multiple topics in human epistemology in his works. Some of his views on human epistemology are as follows: (1) Despite their limitations, human faculties are capable of gaining knowledge; (2) Human knowledge can be both theoretical and practical; (3) Non-epistemic factors such as virtue and sin has influence on human knowledge; (4) With respect to their level of knowledge, human beings can be categorized as incomplete, complete and perfect complement (al-kamil al-mukammil); God's saints knowledge is complete and that of the prophets is perfect complement so that their task is to guide incomplete persons towards perfection; (5) It is necessary for incomplete persons to have epistemic trust in the prophets. In this article, by using a descriptive and analytic method we shall show that, according to al-Razi, though human beings are capable of gaining knowledge, they have to trust in the prophets epistemologically to achieve the true knowledge.

 
Keyword(s): FAKHR AL-DIN RAZI, EPISTEMOLOGY OF HUMAN BEING, ANTHROPOLOGY, PROPHETS, EPISTEMIC LEVELS
 
References: 
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