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Paper Information

Journal:   PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGION RESEARCH (NAMAH-I HIKMAT)   FALL 2016-WINTER 2017 , Volume 14 , Number 2 (28) ; Page(s) 223 To 244.
 
Paper: 

WILLIAM LANE CRAIG ON THEOLOGICAL FATALISM

 
 
Author(s):  KASHFI ABDOLRASOUL*, TAYEFE ROSTAMI MATIN
 
* PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGION DEPARTMENT, FACULTY OF THEOLOGY AND ISLAMIC STUDIES, TEHRAN UNIVERSITY, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Craig believes that theological fatalistic argument, which aims at mocking human freedom, faces two major problems. On the one hand, in the argument, there is a confusion of necessitas consequentis and necessitas consequentiae in the concept of “within one’s power”. On the other hand, the argument neglects the difference between “changing the past” and “counterfactual effect. Besides critically assessing theological fatalism, Craig suggests a proof for human freedom which can be categorized as a Molinistic argument in virtue of appealing to the notion of middle knowledge. According to Craig, we do not need to make philosophical argument for the middle knowledge. Nevertheless, there are many theological argument in support of the idea. For instance, divine providence and foreknowledge are two theological concepts which can be best explained by appealing to the notion of middle knowledge. It seems, however, that Craig’s appeal to the notion of middle knowledge for proving human freedom faces some problems. Alongside the critiques provided by Thomists regarding the middle knowledge (e.g. the lack of object for this kind of knowledge and passivity of divine knowledge), it seems that Craig’s notion of human freedom is not compatible with middle knowledge.

 
Keyword(s): THEOLOGICAL FATALISM, DIVINE FOREKNOWLEDGE, HUMAN FREEDOM, WILLIAM LANE CRAIG, MOLINISM, MIDDLE KNOWLEDGE
 
 
References: 
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Click to Cite.
APA: Copy

KASHFI, A., & TAYEFE ROSTAMI, M. (2017). WILLIAM LANE CRAIG ON THEOLOGICAL FATALISM. PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGION RESEARCH (NAMAH-I HIKMAT), 14(2 (28) ), 223-244. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=569700



Vancouver: Copy

KASHFI ABDOLRASOUL, TAYEFE ROSTAMI MATIN. WILLIAM LANE CRAIG ON THEOLOGICAL FATALISM. PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGION RESEARCH (NAMAH-I HIKMAT). 2017 [cited 2021May11];14(2 (28) ):223-244. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=569700



IEEE: Copy

KASHFI, A., TAYEFE ROSTAMI, M., 2017. WILLIAM LANE CRAIG ON THEOLOGICAL FATALISM. PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGION RESEARCH (NAMAH-I HIKMAT), [online] 14(2 (28) ), pp.223-244. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=569700.



 
 
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