Paper Information

Journal:   BIOLOGICAL JOURNAL OF MICROORGANISM   SUMMER 2017 , Volume 6 , Number 22 #E0029; Page(s) 77 To 88.
 
Paper:  MOLECULAR IDENTIFICATION AND POTENTIAL OF AN ISOLATE OF WHITE ROT FUNGI IN BIOREMEDIATION OF PETROLEUM CONTAMINATED SOILS
 
Author(s):  MOHAMMADI SICHANI MARYAM, MAZAHERI ASSADI MAHNAZ*, FARAZMAND ABBAS, KIANIRAD MEHRAN, AHADI ALI MOHAMMAD, HADIAN GHAHDERIJANI HADI
 
* IRANIAN RESEARCH ORGANIZATION FOR SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY (IROST), TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Introduction: Elimination or reduction of petroleum hydrocarbons from natural resources such as water and soil is a serious problem of countries, particularly oil-rich countries of the world. Using white rotting fungi compost for bioremediation of soils contaminated by petroleum hydrocarbons is effective. The aim of this study is molecular identification and potential of anisolate of white rot fungi in bioremediation of petroleum contaminated soils.
Materials and methods: Spent compost of white rotting fungi was inoculated with petroleum contaminated soil into 3%, 5% and 10% (w/w). Treatments were incubated at 25-23 °C for 3 months. Reduction of petroleum hydrocarbons in treated soil was determined by gas chromatography. Ecotoxicity of soil was evaluated by seed germination test.
Results: Based on the genome sequence of 18s rRNA, it is revealed that this isolate is Ganoderma lucidum and this isolate is deposited as accession KX525204 in the Gene Bank database. Reduction of petroleum hydrocarbons in soil treated with compost (3, 5 and 10%) ranged from 42% to 71%. The germination index (%) in ecotoxicity tests ranged from 20.8% to 70.8%. Gas chromatography results also showed a decrease in soil Hydrocarbons compounds.
Discussion and conclusion: The compost of Ganoderma lucidum, a white rot fungus, has a potential ability to remove petroleum hydrocarbons in contaminated soil. Removal of hydrocarbons was increased with increase in compost mixed with contaminated soil. Petroleum contaminated soil amended with spent compost of G.lucidum 10% during three months is appropriate to remove this pollutant.

 
Keyword(s): WHITE ROTTING FUNGI, BIOREMEDIATION, BIODEGRADATION, GANODERMA LUCIDUM
 
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