Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF PLANT PROTECTION (AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY)   SUMMER 2017 , Volume 31 , Number 2 #M0057; Page(s) 199 To 212.
 
Paper: 

IDENTIFICATION OF NEMATODE FAUNA IN VINEYARDS OF SOUTH OF WESTERN AZERBAIJAN AND DETERMINATION OF THE DOMINANT PARASITIC SPECIES

 
 
Author(s):  MOHAJERI E., PANJEHKEH N.*, GHORBANY M., KHEZRINEZHAD N.
 
* PLANT PATHOLOGY FIELD, FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE, UNIVERSITY OF ZABOL
 
Abstract: 

Introduction: Grapevine belongs to the Vitaceae family that consists of 14 genera and about 700 species.
Only in the genusVitis fruits are edible. Italy is the largest producer of grapes and Iran has the seventh position in the world from this point of view. Western Azarbaijan province comprises a high diversity of crops including wild grapes. Although, some nematodes are free living and antagonists of another soil microfauna, the other are plant parasitic agents. Most of which live in the agricultural soils where they are widely dispersed. Effectiveness of the disease management strategies are affected by the accurate identification of the plant disease causal agents and the nematodal diseases are not the exception from this rule. Therefore, for control of the diseases caused by the nematodes, it is necessary to separate the parasitic nematodes from the suspected contaminated soils and identify them. Although separation and identification of the nematodes are partly time-consuming, it is not very complicated. Some nematodes likeXiphinema, Longidorus and Ditylenchus are cosmopolitan and catastrophic nematodes in vineyards worldwide. So far no study has been performed regarding the plant parasitic nematode in vineyards of the south of Western Azerbaijan. Therefore, in this study as an introduction to the management ofthe vineyard parasitic nematodes, the dominant nematodes of the plant were identified. In the next step, investigation of nematodes bioecology, the interaction of nematodes with the other plant pathogens, their host range and their damages to the host plants would be studied.

 
Keyword(s): GRAPEVINE, MORPHOLOGY, RHIZOSPHERE
 
References: 
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