Paper Information

Journal:   NOVELTY IN BIOMEDICINE   2016 , Volume 4 , Number 1; Page(s) 24 To 27.
 
Paper: 

THE PREVALENCE OF PEDICULUS CAPITIS AMONG PRIMARY SCHOOLS OF SHAHRIAR COUNTY, TEHRAN PROVINCE, IRAN, 2014

 
 
Author(s):  ALBORZI MONIBA, SHEKARRIZ FOUMANI REZA, MOIN VAZIRI VAHIDEH*
 
* DEPARTMENT OF PARASITOLOGY, SCHOOL OF MEDICINE, SHAHID BEHESHTI UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: Pediculosis capitis is a common parasitic infection of children, which has been neglected in many areas as well in Shahriar County, Tehran province. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of pediculosis capitis among pupils in primary schools of Shahriar County.
Materials and Methods: This descriptive-analytical study was conducted in Shahriar for the period of 2012 to 2013. Data were collected by questionnaires and direct head inspection. The prevalence rate was determined in three primary schools and 750 girls participated, which were selected by a randomized cluster method. Data were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS16) and Chi-square test.
Results: Among the 750 girls who were examined, head pediculosis was observed in 36 cases (4.8%). There was a significant relationship between head lice infestation and two factors, father’s job and using private tools in hair salon.
Conclusion: The results showed that pediculosis capitis could be a potentially health threatening problem for school children. It is necessary to give health education to families in order to prevent pediculosis in the study areas.

 
Keyword(s): PEDICULUS CAPITIS, PRIMARY SCHOOL, IRAN
 
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