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Paper Information

Journal:   SHENAKHT JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY AND PSYCHIATRY   WINTER 2018 , Volume 4 , Number 4 ; Page(s) 87 To 100.
 
Paper: 

THE ANALYSIS OF THE OLD MAN AND THE SEA OF HEMINGWAY FROM THE MEICHENBAUM'S COGNITIVE RESTRUCTURE

 
 
Author(s):  MANTASHLO MASOOMEH*, MANTASHLOO SOMAYE, MOOSAVI SAYED HOJAT
 
* UNIVERSITY OF KURDISTAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Introduction: Personal words or self-talking affect the behavior of the people and can direct human's behaviors and thought as the same way of other person's words.
Objective: In researches that have been carried out based on the theory of Meichenbaum considering the importance and applicability of this theory, it has not been specifically addressed the effect of the internal dialogue and its results. Therefore, the study attempt to analyze the old man and the sea of Ernest Hemingway as a practical example based on the above theory.
Methods: This study is descriptive-analytic and the data is collected on a library method.
Results: Analysis of this work, while being in line with the rehabilitation approach, has shown that internal dialogue in different situations, with respect to positive or negative content, can lead to a person to a success or failure. It can also work as a typical model of psychological approaches based on introduced cognitive restructuring techniques.
Conclusion: The finding of this study showed that when a person's self-talking is positive, he will allow himself to succeed and chance and will instruct his unconscious mind to provide all the resources for succeed. But when the inner conversation is negative, the person abandons everything and does not try even all the chances to succeed because, because he instructed his subconscious minds to get rid of chances for possible success. Thus self-talking can actually direct human behavior and thoughts, and each person can control and guide his own beliefs through repetition and practice.

 
Keyword(s): COGNITIVE RECONSTRUCTION, MEICHENBAUM, SELF-TALKING
 
 
References: 
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Citations: 
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+ Click to Cite.
APA: Copy

MANTASHLO, M., & MANTASHLOO, S., & MOOSAVI, S. (2018). THE ANALYSIS OF THE OLD MAN AND THE SEA OF HEMINGWAY FROM THE MEICHENBAUM'S COGNITIVE RESTRUCTURE. SHENAKHT JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY AND PSYCHIATRY, 4(4 ), 87-100. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=568532



Vancouver: Copy

MANTASHLO MASOOMEH, MANTASHLOO SOMAYE, MOOSAVI SAYED HOJAT. THE ANALYSIS OF THE OLD MAN AND THE SEA OF HEMINGWAY FROM THE MEICHENBAUM'S COGNITIVE RESTRUCTURE. SHENAKHT JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY AND PSYCHIATRY. 2018 [cited 2021August02];4(4 ):87-100. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=568532



IEEE: Copy

MANTASHLO, M., MANTASHLOO, S., MOOSAVI, S., 2018. THE ANALYSIS OF THE OLD MAN AND THE SEA OF HEMINGWAY FROM THE MEICHENBAUM'S COGNITIVE RESTRUCTURE. SHENAKHT JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY AND PSYCHIATRY, [online] 4(4 ), pp.87-100. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=568532.



 
 
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