Paper Information

Journal:   SHENAKHT JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY AND PSYCHIATRY   SUMMER 2016 , Volume 3 , Number 2 #P0051; Page(s) 33 To 43.
 
Paper: 

ADDICTION AND PSYCHOLOGICAL CONSEQUENCES, THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE ANXIETY AND INDUCTIVE USAGE CRAVING INDEX IN INDIVIDUALS UNDER THE TREATMENT OF METHADONE HAVE AND LACK ANXIETY SYMPTOMS, A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY

 
 
Author(s):  PIRNIA BIJAN*, REZAEI MARYAM, MANSOUR SETAREH, SOLEIMANI ALI AKBAR, PIRKHAEFI ALIREZA, SOLEIMANI ALI
 
* DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY, FACULTY OF HUMANITIES, UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND CULTURE, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Introduction: Chronic usage of drug has a significant effect on the structure of cognition and personality. It causes changes that make the possibility of usage abstinence difficult over the time. The present study was conducted with the aim of examining the relationship between anxiety and usage craving index.
Methods: The design of the present study was correlational in the form of descriptive design.
Among the men who referred to 3 Methadone Treatment Clinics in Tehran during May to September 2014, 80 individuals who had the highest and the lowest scores considering the cut-off in Beck's Anxiety Test, were selected as participants and were assigned into two groups for comparison. To make sure of the process of usage abstinence in participants, urine test was done accidently twice in a week and the samples were analyzed using fast test strip based on immunochromatography with the threshold of 300 ng/ml. Beck's Anxiety Questionnaire and Usage Craving Questionnaire were completed by the participants. Data were analyzed using independent t test, chi square and Pierson correlation. Also, qualitative data resulted from demographic evaluations were coded and were analyzed using the tool of analyzing qualitative data, Atlas.ti-5.2.
Findings: The results showed anxious participants showed higher levels of usage craving symptoms compared to the participants of the other group. The mean and standard deviation (Confidence Interval of 0.95) of usage craving variable in anxious group are 12.93 (
±3.27) and in non-anxious group are 9.73 (±2.24), (P<0.01). Also, a positive significant relationship was seen between the anxiety index and usage craving (all P=0.01, r=0.41).
Conclusion: Anxiety can act as a mediator in the process of relapse, therefore, it deserves clinical attentions. The findings of the present study, in addition to have practical aspects, can be useful in planning complementary therapeutic processes.

 
Keyword(s): ANXIETY, CRAVING, METHADONE MAINTENANCE TREATMENT (MMT)
 
References: 
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