Paper Information

Journal:   RESEARCHER BULLETIN OF MEDICAL SCIENCES (PEJOUHANDEH)   2004 , Volume 9 , Number 1 (37); Page(s) 21 To 29.
 
Paper: 

SURVEYING THE EFFICACY OF EDUCATION ON NUTRITIONAL KNOWLEDGE AND PERFORMANCE OF ADOLESCENT GIRLS

 
 
Author(s):  ESFAR JANI F., GOLESTAN B., RASOULI BATOUL, ROUSTAEI R., DERAKHSHANI K.
 
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Abstract: 

Background: Adolescent girls of today are the mothers of tomorrow, thus, adolescent period is a unique time to promote nutritional knowledge in order to improve future generation health. The present study was conducted to assess the efficacy of education on nutritional knowledge and performance of adolescent girls of district 7 in Tehran in 2003.
Materials and methods: For this quasi-experimental study 145 female high school students were studied. A questionnaire containing demographic data, nutritional knowledge, and dietary pattern of before and after the education was evaluated by interview. Anthropometric indices (weight, height, and body mass index) were also determined.
Results: The study population included 145 students with the mean age of 15.5±0.5 years and family size of 4.6±1.1. The mean of height, weight, BMI, and age of menarche were 158.8±5.4cm, 56.4±10.2 kg, 22.8±6.2 kg/m2, and 12.7±1.1 years, respectively. BMI<5th and BMI>95th were reported in 5.2% and 3.4% of subjects, respectively. 44% had some degree of malnutrition and only 47.4% had satisfactory anthropometric indices. Scores of nutritional knowledge of subjects have revealed that 51.1 vs. 18.9%, 45.3 vs. 42.5%, and 3.6 vs. 38.6% were respectively distributed in the poor-, moderate- and good-knowledge group before and after the education.
Conclusion: Education is an effective approach to promote nutritional knowledge, thus, an interesting educative program may significantly promote nutritional knowledge among adolescent girls.

 
Keyword(s): NUTRITIONAL EDUCATION, ADOLESCENT GIRLS
 
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