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Paper Information

Journal:   RESEARCHER BULLETIN OF MEDICAL SCIENCES (PEJOUHANDEH)   2004 , Volume 9 , Number 1 (37); Page(s) 7 To 14.
 
Paper: 

SUSCEPTIBILITY AND SENSITIVITY OF MICROORGANISMS ISOLATED IN KHATAM-AL-ANBIA HOSPITAL IN 2000-1

 
 
Author(s):  YADEGARI D., MOHAMMAD ALIZADEH BAKHTOURI A., ASADI B.
 
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Abstract: 

Background: Infectious diseases are of the most important causes of mortality all around the world and according to WHO records, 49% of deaths occurring in developing countries are because of infectious diseases. Recently, the most important thing that has worried medical society and has become a serious problem is antibiotic resistance. This study has been done to determine susceptibility and sensitivity of microorganisms isolated in Khatam-al-Anbia hospital.
Materials and methods: The research method was descriptive and its technique was experimental.
Results: Totally, 8880 cultural specimen of different body secretions including urine, blood, stool, sputum, throat, CSF etc., were studied among which 430 were infected that were related to 632 patients (320 females and 312 males). The mean age of the patients was 57±l0 years (14-91). Urine was the most affected specimen and stool was the least. Of 430 infected specimen, 18 different microorganisms were isolated among which gram negative microbes, i.e. E coli (43%), were by far the most common. These microorganisms have shown 53% resistance to gentamycin, 48% to cotrimoxazole, and 10% to ciprofloxacin. Staphylococcous aureus was the most common gram positive cocci (16%) that showed 10% resistance to oxacillin.
Conclusion: Resistance in our country, like other countries, has been shown to be increased. We have found some specimen to be resistant to vancomycin that could be due to out of control use of this antibiotic or even usage of empirical antibiotics. So it is highly recommended to prohibit unnecessary prescription of antibiotics.

 
Keyword(s): RESISTANCE, SUSCEPTIBILITY, MICROORGANISM
 
References: 
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