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Paper Information

Journal:   RESEARCHER BULLETIN OF MEDICAL SCIENCES (PEJOUHANDEH)   2003 , Volume 8 , Number 4 (34); Page(s) 283 To 290.
 
Paper: 

EMPOWERMENT OF A FAMILY-ORIENTED PATTERN AND ITS EFFECTS ON PREVENTION OF IRON DEFICIENCY ANEMIA IN ADOLESCENT GIRLS

 
 
Author(s):  ELHANI FATEMEH*, NIKNAMI SH., KIMIAGAR SEYED MASOUD, KAZEMNEJAD ANOUSHIRAVAN, HEYDARNIA ALI REZA
 
* Faculty of Medicine, Tarbiat Modarres University
 
Abstract: 

Background: Iron deficiency anemia is a prevalent problem especially in adolescent girls, the present study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of a family-oriented pattern on the prevention of iron deficiency anemia in adolescent girls.
Materials and methods: It was develop in two stages; first we have designed a qualitative study in order to develop the model. Initial data were gathered through a questionnaire, then coded, categorized and analyzed. The core variable was considered inadequate empowerment of family. Then, for the second stage a quasiexperimental study was designed, 72 adolescent girls who have iron deficiency anemia were randomly selected. Intervention method was problem solving for daughters and education participation for parents.
Results: results have revealed that knowledge, attitude, perceived threat, self efficacy, prevention behaviors, self esteem, and empowerment were significantly differed before and after intervention (p<0.0001), meanwhile, it was shown that the rate of daily intake of hem, non hem, total iron, and Vitamin C were significantly differed (p<0.05) before and after the intervention. The ferritin level was significantly differed before and after the intervention where it could serve as an index to show iron storage (p<0.0001).
Conclusion: Our model could significantly prevent iron deficiency anemia, thus we recommend this model to be employed in a larger group of girls.

 
Keyword(s): IRON DEFICIENCY ANEMIA, ADOLESCENT GIRLS, EMPOWERMENT, PREVENTION, FAMILY-ORIENTED
 
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