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Paper Information

Journal:   RESEARCHER BULLETIN OF MEDICAL SCIENCES (PEJOUHANDEH)   2003 , Volume 8 , Number 2 (32); Page(s) 95 To 98.
 
Paper: 

MICROGRAPHY AND IDENTIFICATION OF THE ESSENTIAL OIL OF HYSSOP US OFFICINALIS L.

 
 
Author(s):  MOJAB F.*, MOSADEGH M., MONSEF ESFAHANI H.R., NAJJARI A.
 
* Dept. of Pharmacognosy, School of Pharmacy, Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences
 
Abstract: 

Background: The cultivation of medicinal plants in difference geographical areas may be affect on their chemical composition and therapeutic activity. The present study was conducted to determine microscopic and macroscopic identification (microghraphy) of cultivated herb hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis L.) and study the chemical composition of essential oil.
Material and Methods: In this explorative study carried out in 1999, the herb sample was collected from research farms of Medicinal Plants and Natural Products Research Center in Karaj. Samples were dried and hydrodistillated. The essential oil was analyzed by gas chromatography coupled by mass spectrometry (GC/MS). The compounds micrographical survey and analysis of oil were performed and compared by standard.
Results: The essential oil obtained was 0.5%. The major compounds identified were pinocamphone, iso-pinocamphone and β-pinene. In micrographical study, stomata diacytic, glandular trichomes and parenchymous cells were characterized.
Conclusion: The quantity of the oil, its constituents and percentages were similar to reference hyssops. Geographic area of Karaj seemed to be suitable for cultivating the herb. Study on other chemical constituents and also its cultivation in other areas to perform the same analysis is strongly recommended to complete our information regarding the Iranian hyssop.

 
Keyword(s): HYSSOPUS OFFICINALIS, HYSSOP, ESSENTIAL OIL, GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY, MASS SPECTROMETERY, PINOCAMPHONE, MICROGRAPHY
 
References: 
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