Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF ENDOCRINOLOGY AND METABOLISM (IJEM)   Winter 2004 , Volume 5 , Number Supplement (4); Page(s) 409 To 416.
 
Paper: 

KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE OF GUIDANCE SCHOOL AND HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS IN DISTRICT-I3 OF TEHRAN ABOUT HEALTHY DIET

 
 
Author(s):  AZADBAKHT L., MIRMIRAN PARVIN, MOUMENAN A.A., AZIZI F.
 
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Abstract: 

Introduction: The aim of this study was to determine the knowledge, attitude and practice of adolescent students aged 10-18 studying in guidance and high schools of district 13 of Tehran, about healthy diet.
Material and Methods: This study was undertaken on 7669 adolescent students (4070 boys and 3599 girls) of 22 guidance and high schools residing in district 13 of Tehran. A questionnaire whose reliability and validity were assessed according to specialist recommendations and pretest and post-test were used. The maximum score was calculated according to the number of questions in each part. The key questions were determined by factor analysis.
Results: The mean age of the adolescents was 14±1 year. Higher percent of girls had good knowledge (82% of girls vs. 75% of boys, P<0.05). Higher percent of boys had good attitude (39% of boys vs. 33% of girls, P<0.05) and good practice (25% of boys vs. 15% of girls, P<0.05). According to the results, 35% of adolescents do not know that sweets increase weight and 65.4% of adolescents do not know that sausage has cholesterol. 28% of adolescents prefer puff consuming to almond and pistachio and 37.5% prefer whole grain biscuits to the creamed wafers. Only 4.5% of students do not consume beverage by foods.
Conclusion: According to this study, a low percentage of adolescents have good practice and their attitude and practice is not according to their nutritional knowledge. These results show the necessity of nutrition intervention in adolescents.

 
Keyword(s): KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE, PRACTICE, STUDENTS, ADOLESCENTS, NUTRITION, TLGS
 
References: 
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