Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES   April 2004 , Volume 30 , Number 33; Page(s) 100 To 104.
 
Paper: 

THE EDUCATIONAL AND RESEARCH VIEWPOINTS OF THE GREEN CHEMISTRY

 
 
Author(s):  MOSTASHARI S.M.*
 
* Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Gilan University, Rasht, Iran
 
Abstract: 
Green chemistry revolution is an interdisciplinary subject which sets out to reduce the materials and energy consuming of chemical processes and products, minimise or eliminate the dispersion of harmful chemicals in environment, maximise the use of renewable resources and extend the durability and recyclability of products.
The following accounts are the viewpoints to the educational and research aspects of the green chemistry:
1. To study the possibility of changing the course of a reaction to reach to a new and useful selectivities.
2. To investigate the improvements of selectivities, eg: yiels, waste minimization, rates, energy savings, etc.
3. The study using non-classical reagents or reagents obtained under unusual conditions, eg: the possibility of running solvent-free synthesis. Using water as a solvent in organic reactions, running reactions in supercritical carbon dioxide, performing biomass and biotechnology, and utilizing ultrasound, microwaves and hetrogeneous catalyst, etc. during the course of a reaction.
New chemistry improves the economics of chemical manufacturing and enhances the position of chemistry.
The more successful researchers and educationalists will be those that can appreciate the value of green chemistry in innovation, application and teaching. The conclusions obtained from research proposals of green chemistry would be beneficial to design and redesign of the chemical syntheses and chemical products to prevent pollution. It also improves the perception of educational goals to find a new way of looking at chemicals and their manufacturing processes to minimize any negative environmental impacts. This approach provides a fundamental methodology for changing the intrinsic nature of chemical research and education.
 
Keyword(s): GREEN CHEMISTRY, WASTE MINIMISATION, RECYLABILITY
 
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