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Paper Information

Journal:   TARIKH WA TAMADDUN-I ISLAMI   SPRING-SUMMER 2016 , Volume 12 , Number 23; Page(s) 119 To 150.
 
Paper: 

IMPERIAL RUSSIA’S MILITARY DESIGNS AND ROAD-BUILDING PROJECTS IN IRAN

 
 
Author(s):  KAZEMBEYKI MOHAMMAD ALI*
 
* DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND CIVILIZATION OF ISLAMIC NATIONS, UNIVERSITY OF TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

In recent centuries, the relationship between Russia, as a great power, and a neighboring country has had a special place in Iran’s foreign policy. Despite the multi-faceted nature of relations between the two countries, the development of Russia’s expansion, military threat and interventions has always been a cause of Tehran’s concern. The current article is a translation and study of a secret document regarding fragments of the Russian military plan in Iran, which British intelligence agents obtained in 1909. The examination of this plan in the context of military designs attributed to Russia for both territorial expansion in Iran and endangering the interests of the British in India, reveals Russia’s strategy to advance toward the Persian Gulf in 1907 and the military goals of St. Petersburg investment in road-building projects in Iran as well. The findings also show that following the conclusion of Anglo-Russian Agreement of 1907, the mentioned war plan, though primarily designed against the interests of Britain, in practice enforced against Iranian nationalists and the Central Powers in World War I.

 
Keyword(s): IRAN, PERSIAN GULF, RUSSIAN MILITARY EXPANSIONISM, ROAD BUILDING, WORLD WAR I
 
References: 
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