Paper Information

Journal:   INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HEMATOLOGY-ONCOLOGY AND STEM CELL RESEARCH (IJHOSCR)   APRIL 2016 , Volume 10 , Number 2; Page(s) 85 To 91.
 
Paper: 

GRANULOCYTE COLONY-STIMULATING FACTOR USE IN A LARGE IRANIAN HOSPITAL: COMPARISON WITH AMERICAN SOCIETY OF CLINICAL ONCOLOGY (ASCO) CLINICAL PRACTICE GUIDELINE

 
 
Author(s):  MOUSAVI SARAH, DADPOOR MINA, ASHRAFI FARZANEH*
 
* HEMATOLOGY DIVISION, INTERNAL MEDICINE DEPARTMENT, ISFAHAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, ISFAHAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: Granulocyte Colony Stimulating Factors (GCSF) is high-cost agents commonly recommended for primary and secondary prophylaxis of chemotherapy-induced neutropenia and febrile neutropenia. GCSFs have been shown to be beneficial in some patient subgroups, although they are probably overused in clinical settings. The American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) guidelines summarize current data on the appropriate use of CSFs. The aim of this study was to assess and audit the use of GCSF in a tertiary care center according to the recommendation of ASCO guideline. Subjects and Methods: A prospective observational study from November 2014 to June 2015 was performed on all patients prescribed with filgrastim in the large teaching hospital (Isfahan, Iran). Data was collected on demographics, indication, dosing regimen and duration of treatment, the Absolute Neutrophil Count (ANC) and patient outcome. Results: 91 patients were recorded over the period of the study. 63.7% of prescription complied with the ASCO guideline. Febrile neutropenia post chemotherapy/radiotherapy was the most common appropriate indication (29.3%) followed by primary prophylaxis (25.8%). Fourteen (32%) patients showed ANC recovery in 1-3 days and 16 (37%) within 4-7 days. Ten patients (23%) showed no recovery. The overall mortality was 8 (8.8%) patients. Conclusion: This study revealed that at least one-third of prescribed GCSF was not in accordance with ASCO guideline. Considering the high cost of GCSF in our country and limitation of our resources, we proposed cost-effectiveness studies on GCSF treatment and also the development of a national guideline for optimizing GCSF use.

 
Keyword(s): GRANULOCYTE COLONY STIMULATING FACTOR, CLINICAL AUDIT, DRUG UTILIZATION REVIEW
 
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