Paper Information

Journal:   INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HEMATOLOGY-ONCOLOGY AND STEM CELL RESEARCH (IJHOSCR)   APRIL 2016 , Volume 10 , Number 2; Page(s) 79 To 84.
 
Paper: 

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SELF-ESTEEM AND QUALITY OF LIFE OF PATIENTS WITH IDIOPATHIC THROMBOCYTOPENIC PURPURA AT ISFAHAN'S SAYED AL-SHOHADA HOSPITAL, IRAN, IN 2013

 
 
Author(s):  HEMATI ZEINAB, KIANI DAVOOD*
 
* SHAHREKORD UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, SHAHREKORD, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is a chronic disease which is accompanied with hopelessness and loss of the sense of well-being due to its symptoms and treatment. It also affects patients' sense of social and spiritual well-being. This disorder decreases patients' self-esteem and their quality of life by changing their mental image and self-confidence. This study was performed to find the relationship between self-esteem and quality of life of patients with ITP. Subjects and Methods: This was a descriptive-analytical study on 64 patients with ITP who referred to Isfahan's Sayed Al-Shohada Hospital, Iran. In this study, patients with ITP were selected randomly using a random number chart. The data collection tools consisted of the World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL)-BREF and Coopersmith Self-esteem Inventory (CSEI). Data were analyzed using SPSS and chi-square and Mann-Whitney tests and the Pearson and Spearman’s rank correlation coefficients. Results: In total, 64 patients completed the questionnaires. Results showed that 32% of subjects were over 36 years of age and 59% were women. In addition, 29.7% of ITP patients had low self-esteem and quality of life. Chi-square test showed a significant relationship between self-esteem and quality of life of patients with ITP. Conclusions: The results of the present study showed that considerable attention must be paid to self-esteem, as one of the most important factors influencing the promotion of quality of life. Therefore, it is suggested that patient’s self-esteem be improved by the implementation of educational and psychological programs in order to decrease the consequences of poor quality of life.

 
Keyword(s): SELF-ESTEEM, QUALITY OF LIFE (QOL), IDIOPATHIC THROMBOCYTOPENIC PURPURA (ITP), NURSE, IRAN
 
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