Paper Information

Journal:   HEALTH EDUCATION AND HEALTH PROMOTION   2014 , Volume 2 , Number 1; Page(s) 41 To 52.
 
Paper: 

EFFECTIVENESS OF DRUG ABUSE PREVENTATIVE INTERVENTION AMONG IRANIAN MEDICAL COLLEGE STUDENTS BASED ON THE THEORY OF PLANNED BEHAVIOR

 
 
Author(s):  MIRZAEI ALAVIJEH MEHDI, JALILIAN FARZAD, ZINAT MOTLAGH FAZEL, MAZLOOMY MAHMODABAD SAEID*, ZOLGHADR RAZIEH, HATAMZADEH NASER
 
* DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH EDUCATION, SCHOOL OF HEALTH, SHAHID SADOUGHI UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES-YAZD, YAZD, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Aims: Drug abuse among college students continues as a major public-health concern. Theory-driven research is necessary to address and find causes. The current research investigates the utility of Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) in designing and implementing a drug abuse educational prevention program among medical college students.
Methods: This quasi-experimental study was conducted among 120 college students in two groups: experimental and control, who were randomly enrolled at the baseline survey. We used a questionnaire, which included three sections of background data (11 questions), knowledge about the side effects of drug abuse questionnaire (16 questions), and TPB-based questionnaire (20 questions). Educational planning was based on active learning with using group discussion, printed leaflet, and audio-visual CD. The participants were followed up after 2-month intervention. Data were analyzed by the SPSS software version 16 using appropriate statistical tests such as stepwise multiple logistic regressions and t-test.
Findings: Almost 6.7% of the participants had a history of drug abuse. The three predictors of 1) attitude, 2) subjective norms, and 3) perceived behavioral control accounted for 48 % of the variation in the outcome measure of the intention to drug abuse. There was a significant improvement in average response for knowledge about the side effects of drug abuse and TPB variables among the students who were under intervention (P<0.05).
Conclusions: Designing intervention to reduce positive attitude and subjective norms toward drug abuse among college students could be useful to substance abuse prevention.

 
Keyword(s): PREVENTION, ADDICTION, DRUG ABUSE, STUDENT, THEORY OF PLANNED BEHAVIOR
 
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