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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF OPHTHALMIC AND VISION RESEARCH   2016 , Volume 11 , Number 3; Page(s) 310 To 312.
 
Paper: 

CONGENITAL CATARACT SCREENING (PERSPECTIVE)

 
 
Author(s):  RAJAVI ZHALE*, SABBAGHI HAMIDEH
 
* OPHTHALMIC RESEARCH CENTER, SHAHID BEHESHTI UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, NO. 23, PAIDARFARD ST., BOOSTAN 9 ST., PASDARAN AVE., TEHRAN 16666, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Congenital cataract is a leading cause of visual deprivation which can damage the developing visual system of a child, therefore early diagnosis, management and long-term follow-up are essential. It is recommended that all neonates be screened by red reflex examination at birth and suspected cases be referred to ophthalmic centers. Early surgery (<6 weeks of age, based on general neonatal health) is important for achieving the best visual outcome particularly in unilateral cases. In bilateral cases, surgery is highly recommended before appearance of strabismus or nystagmus (<10 weeks of age) with no longer than a one-week interval between the fellow eyes. Parents should be informed that surgery is a starting point and not the endpoint of treatment. Appropriate postoperative management including immediate optical correction in the form of aphakic glasses or contact lenses, or intraocular lens (IOL) implantation at the appropriate age (>1 year) is highly recommended. After surgery, amblyopia treatment and periodic follow-up examinations should be started as soon as possible to achieve a satisfactory visual outcome.
Practitioners should consider the possibility of posterior capsular opacity, elevated intraocular pressure and amblyopia during follow-up, especially in eyes with microphthalmia and/or associated congenital anomalies. All strabismic children should undergo slit lamp examination prior to strabismus surgery to rule out congenital lens opacities. From a social point of view, equal and fair medical care should be provided to all children regardless of gender.

 
Keyword(s): CONGENITAL CATARACT, SCREENING, MANAGEMENT
 
References: 
 
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