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Paper Information

Journal:   INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS   SEPTEMBER 2014 , Volume 2 , Number 3-3 (SUPP 5); Page(s) 47 To 54.
 
Paper: 

DYNAMIC ASSESSMENT (DA) AND EVALUATION OF PROBLEM-SOLVING SKILLS IN CHILDEREN

 
 
Author(s):  RAHBARDAR HAMID, AJILIAN MARYAM, TALAEI ALI*
 
* PSYCHIATRY AND BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES RESEARCH CENTER, IBN-E-SINA HOSPITAL, FACULTY OF MEDICINE, MASHHAD UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, MASHHAD, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Introduction: The term dynamic assessment (DA) refers to an assessment, by an active teaching process, of a child's perception, learning, thinking, and problem solving. The process is aimed at modifying an individual's cognitive functioning and observing subsequent changes in learning and problem-solving patterns within the testing situation. DA has been advocated as an alternative and/or supplemental approach to traditional standardized testing with children who are culturally and linguistically diverse (CLD).
Materials and Methods: This study was a causal-comparative with 58 children (6 to 6.5 year-old) of 5 kindergartens of Mashhad, and children were elected with available sampling. Kindergartens were selected of areas (1,2,4,5,6) of Mashhad-Iran. Variable of intelligence in children, was controlled by the Raven’s IQ test.
Results: Eight children were perceived process at the level of symbolic, eighteen children in the visual-image (visual) and thirty-two children were perceived process at the level of visual-motor (functional representation). Results showed children were perceived process at the level of symbolic, only 50% of them were used these method in practice. These results for children in the visual-image was 66.6% and for children were perceived process at the level of visual-motor was 68.7%.
Conclusion: Dynamic assessment is a method of education and according to methods of teacher (symbolic, visual, functional representation), children also, often engage in the same level of performance and problem solving.

 
Keyword(s): CHILDREN, DYNAMIC ASSESSMENT, PROBLEM-SOLVING, ZPD
 
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