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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF OPHTHALMIC AND VISION RESEARCH   2016 , Volume 11 , Number 1; Page(s) 78 To 83.
 
Paper: 

OCULAR HEALTH AND SAFETY ASSESSMENT AMONG MECHANICS OF THE CAPE COAST METROPOLIS, GHANA

 
DOI: 

10.4103/2008-322X.158890

 
Author(s):  ABU EMMANUEL KWASI*, BOADI KUSI SAMUEL BERT, OPUNI PRINCE QUARCOO, KYEI SAMUEL, OWUSU ANSAH ANDREW, DARKO TAKYI CHARLES
 
* DEPARTMENT OF OPTOMETRY, SCHOOL OF PHYSICAL SCIENCES, UNIVERSITY OF CAPE COAST, UPO, GHANA, WEST AFRICA
 
Abstract: 

Purpose: To conduct an ocular health and safety assessment among mechanics in the Cape Coast Metropolis, Ghana.
Methods: This descriptive cross sectional study included 500 mechanics using multistage sampling. All participants filled a structured questionnaire on demographic data, occupational history and ocular health history. Study participants underwent determination of visual acuity (VA) using LogMAR chart, external eye examination with a handheld slit lamp biomicroscope, dilated fundus examination, applanation tonometry and refraction.
Results: Out of 500 mechanics, 433 were examined (response rate, 87%) comprised of 408 (94.2%) male and 25 (5.8%) female subjects. The prevalence of visual impairment (i.e. presenting VA<6/18) among the respondents was 2.1%. Eye injuries were reported in 171 (39.5%) mechanics probably due to the large number of workers, 314 (72.5%), who did not use eye protective devices. Mechanics in the auto welding category were at the highest risk of sustaining an eye injury (odds ratio [OR], 13.4, P<0.001). Anterior segment ocular disorders were mostly pterygia while posterior segment eye disorders included glaucoma suspects and retinochoroidal lesions. The development of pterygia was associated with the number of years a mechanic stayed on the job. Eye care seeking behavior among the participants was poor.
Conclusion: Eye injuries were prevalent among the mechanics as the use of eye protection was low. Eye safety should be made an integral part of the public health agenda in the Cape Coast Metropolis.

 
Keyword(s): CAPE COAST, LOGMAR, MECHANICS, OCULAR HEALTH, PTERYGIUM, VISUAL ACUITY
 
 
References: 
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Citations: 
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APA: Copy

ABU, E., & BOADI KUSI, S., & OPUNI, P., & KYEI, S., & OWUSU ANSAH, A., & DARKO TAKYI, C. (2016). OCULAR HEALTH AND SAFETY ASSESSMENT AMONG MECHANICS OF THE CAPE COAST METROPOLIS, GHANA. JOURNAL OF OPHTHALMIC AND VISION RESEARCH, 11(1), 78-83. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=511060



Vancouver: Copy

ABU EMMANUEL KWASI, BOADI KUSI SAMUEL BERT, OPUNI PRINCE QUARCOO, KYEI SAMUEL, OWUSU ANSAH ANDREW, DARKO TAKYI CHARLES. OCULAR HEALTH AND SAFETY ASSESSMENT AMONG MECHANICS OF THE CAPE COAST METROPOLIS, GHANA. JOURNAL OF OPHTHALMIC AND VISION RESEARCH. 2016 [cited 2021August05];11(1):78-83. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=511060



IEEE: Copy

ABU, E., BOADI KUSI, S., OPUNI, P., KYEI, S., OWUSU ANSAH, A., DARKO TAKYI, C., 2016. OCULAR HEALTH AND SAFETY ASSESSMENT AMONG MECHANICS OF THE CAPE COAST METROPOLIS, GHANA. JOURNAL OF OPHTHALMIC AND VISION RESEARCH, [online] 11(1), pp.78-83. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=511060.



 
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