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Paper Information

Journal:   MIDDLE EAST JOURNAL OF DIGESTIVE DISEASES (MEJDD)   APRIL 2016 , Volume 8 , Number 2; Page(s) 93 To 101.
 
Paper: 

THE DIAGNOSTIC ROLE OF MAGNETIC RESONANCE ENTEROGRAPHY AS A COMPLEMENTARY TEST TO COLONOSCOPY IN ACTIVE CROHN’S DISEASE

 
 
Author(s):  ARYAN ARVIN, AZIZI ZAHRA, TEIMURI AZAM, EBRAHIMI DARYANI NASER*, ALETAHA NAJMEH, JAHANBAKHSH ALI, NOURI TAROMLOO MOHAMMAD KAZEM, ALBORZI FOROUGH, MAMI MASOUD, BASIRAT VAHID, JAVID ANBARDAN SANAM
 
* FLOOR 2, NO.130, SHAHIDNASERI STREET, VALIASR AVE, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

BACKGROUND: According to recent studies comparing magnetic resonance enterography (MRE) with ileocolonoscopy for assessing inflammation of small bowel and colonic segments in adults with active Crohn’s disease (CD), we aimed to compare the accuracy of these two diagnostic methods in Iranian population.
METHODS: During 2013-2014 a follow-up study was done on 30 patients with active CD in a gastroenterology clinic affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences.
MRE and ileocolonoscopy were performed for all the patients. All statistical analyses were performed using SPSS (version 18) andp -value<0.05 was considered as statistically significant.
RESULTS: Of the 30 patients with active CD, 11 (36.7%) were men and 19 (63.3%) were women with mean age of 37.30±13.66 years (range: 19-67 years). MRE had sensitivity and specificity of 50% and 90% with positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) of 71.43 and 78.26, respectively for localizing sigmoid lesions and ileum had sensitivity and specificity of 84.21 and 45.45 with PPV and NPV of 72.73 and 62.50, respectively.
CONCLUSION: While moderate sensitivity and high specificity of MRE in localizing colonic lesions makes it an appropriate confirmatory test after colonoscopy, the reported high sensitivity and moderate specificity of MRE versus colonoscopy in detecting ileal lesions makes it a suitable screening test for ileal lesions.
Finally we can conclude that MRE can be an important complementary test to colonoscopy in detecting active disease.

 
Keyword(s): MAGNETIC RESONANCE ENTEROGRAPHY, ILEOCOLONOSCOPY, ACTIVE CROHN’S DISEASE, DIAGNOSTIC ACCURACY
 
References: 
 
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