Paper Information

Journal:   RESEARCH JOURNAL OF PHARMACOGNOSY   2016 , Volume 3 , Number 3; Page(s) 63 To 72.
 
Paper: 

TOPICAL HERBAL REMEDIES FOR TREATMENT OF JOINT PAIN ACCORDING TO IRANIAN TRADITIONAL MEDICINE

 
 
Author(s):  ZIAEI A., SAHRANAVARD S.*, FAIZI M.
 
* DEPARTMENT OF TRADITIONAL PHARMACY, SCHOOL OF TRADITIONAL MEDICINE, SHAHID BEHESHTI UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Joint pain is one of the most common complaints with many possible causes. Some medicines used for joint pain relief such as NSAIDs have substantial and frequent side effects. Topical route possibly reduces adverse reactions by maximizing local delivery and minimizing systemic toxicity. Throughout history, plants have been the most important sources of medicines for human health and Iranian Traditional Medicine (ITM) is well known for its extensive use of herbal medicines to treat diseases accompanied with joint pain for centuries. In the present study, the plants used topically for relieving joint pain in ITM were searched. Moreover, their pharmacological effectiveness in modern medicine was reviewed. The terms “Waja mafasil” (joint pain), “Waja-ol-mafasil” (joint pain), “Irq-on-nasa” (sciatica), “Waja-ol-warik” (coxalgia), ‘Waja-ol-zahr” (back pain), “Waja-ol-rakbah” (knee pain) and “Niqris” (gout) were searched in three important Iranian traditional books including “Canon”, “Al-Hawi” and “Tohfat al-mu’minin” and topical preparations introduced as “Tela” and “Zemad” were selected. The scientific literatures were searched for their effectiveness related to the analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities. Thirty five plants were selected on the basis of their topical use to relief joint pain. Among these plants, 22 species have been found to exhibit anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities.

 
Keyword(s): HERBAL REMEDIES, IRANIAN TRADITIONAL MEDICINE, JOINT PAIN, REMEDY, TOPICAL
 
References: 
 
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