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Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF ANIMAL SCIENCE (IRANIAN JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES)   WINTER 2016 , Volume 46 , Number 4; Page(s) 399 To 406.
 
Paper: 

CHARACTERIZATION AND DIVERSITY OF GROWTH HORMONE GENE SEQUENCES IN IRANIAN DROMEDARY AND BACTRIAN CAMELS

 
 
Author(s):  HEDAYAT IVARIGH NEMAT*, MIRAEI ASHTIANI SEYED REZA, MORADI SHAHRBABAK MOHAMMAD, MAGHSOODI SABER MOHAMMAD
 
* DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL SCIENCE, FACULTY OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE, UNIVERSITY OF MOHAGHEGH ARDABILI, DANESHGAH STREET, ARDABIL, POST CODE 519911367, I.R. IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Camel is a resistant species to drought and cold weather and produces milk and meat in harshest environmental condition. Camel population in Iran has been decreasing during last decades, and genetic studies are quite necessary for considering the conservation and productivity of this species. In this study growth hormone gene influencing growth, milk production and reproduction was considered. The blood samples were collected from 25 Bactrian (Ardebil province) and 50 dromedary camels (Yazd province (n=15), Toroud Camel Research Station (n=20) and Semnan province (n=15)), and DNA was extracted. Using sequencing and alignment method, seven mutations were detected in GH gene. Two of them were substitution mutation and changed amino acid sequence of growth hormone protein. The results of genetic distance analysis showed that the genetic distance between Bactrian and one-humped camel was the highest. Within dromedary camels, the camels of Yazd and Semnan provinces showed biggest genetic distance and camels of the Toroud camel research station were Intermediate of two populations.

 
Keyword(s): BACTRIAN CAMELS, DROMEDARY CAMELS, GENETIC DISTANCE, GROWTH HORMONE, MUTATION, SUBSTITUTION MUTATION
 
References: 
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