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Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED LINGUISTICS (IJAL)   SEPTEMBER 2003 , Volume 6 , Number 2; Page(s) 87 To 116.
 
Paper: 

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN TOPIC DIFFICULTY AND MODE OF DISCOURSE: AN IN-DEPTH STUDY OF EFL WRITERS PRODUCTION, RECOGNITION AND ATTITUDE

 
 
Author(s):  NEMATI M.
 
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Abstract: 

It has been known for a long time that L1 writers perform differently in different in different modes of discourse. Despite its importance, there has been little conclusive evidence to shed some light on the issue of ESL/EFL learners writing performance across various discourse types. There fore, this research study was designed to investigate differences resulting as the effect of four discourse modes, i.e. Narrative, Description, Explanation, and Argument, on EFL writing skill. To do so, in three different phases, the probable differences were evaluated in three dimensions of production(through eliciting compositions), recognition(through cloze tests derived from compositions written in different discourse modes) , and finally the learners and teachers attitude towards these types of writing (through questionnaires). Results show a statistically significant difference among these discourse types, ranking descriptive and narrative writing as the easiest and argumentative as the most demanding type of writing. The findings of this study confirm that the L2 learners follow the same pattern that has been established for the L1 writers, In other words, argumentative, compared to descriptive or narrative writing is more demanding, a fact which may have substantial consequences on language evaluation.

 
Keyword(s): TOPIC, DISCOURSE MODE, WRITING, TESTING
 
References: 
 
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