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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF HOLISTIC NURSING AND MIDWIFERY   FALL 2016 , Volume 25 , Number 81; Page(s) 36 To 45.
 
Paper: 

PATIENT EDUCATION BARRIERS FROM NURSES’ OPINIONS

 
 
Author(s):  RANJBAR EZZATABADI M., MAHDIAN M., ESLAMI H.*, AMINI A.
 
* SCHOOL OF PUBLIC HEALTH, SHAHID SADOUGHI UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, YAZD, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Introduction: Patient education is one of the important aspects of nursing care and is among nursing key roles in delivery of health services.
Objective: This study aimed to determine the barriers to patient education from nurses' viewpoint employed in educational hospitals affiliated to Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences in Yazd.
Methods: This study was a cross-sectional and descriptiveanalytical study in which 162 nursing personnel were selected by stratified-random sampling method. In order to perform the sampling according to the population of each hospital, the numbers of samples were determined. Data were collected with a two-part questionnaire. First part contained personal and demographic information such as age, sex, marital status, education and working experience. The second part included 19 questions on patient education barriers which evaluated four domains of working conditions, management, nursing attitude and training skills. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and chi-square statistical test. Answers were designed based on a Likert scale from low to average and high impact with scores of 1-3, respectively. In management domain, the scores ranged from 6 to 18. Scores less than 10 showed "low impact", 10 to 14 "average impact" and more than 14 "high impact". In the domain of working conditions, similar scores were obtained. The findings displayed that nurses' attitude ranged from 2 to 6 scores. Scores less than 3 showed "low impact", 3-4.5 "average impact" and more than 4.5 "high impact". In domain of training skills, scores ranged from 5 to 15. Scores less than 8 indicated "low impact", 8 to 11.5 "average impact" and more than 11.5 "high impact". The data were analyzed with descriptive statistics and chi-square. The study was approved by the Ethics Committee of Health Faculty, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences in Yazd.
Results: In this study, 149 of the 162 questionnaires were answered indicating92% response rate.
The data showed that 45.2% of male nurses and 47.3% of female nurses blamed working condition barriers with highest impact on the implementation of patient education. Moreover, 45.8% of single and 47.5% of married nurses had the same opinion. Chi-square test found no significant relationship between the variables of age, sex, working experience, employment status, marital status, and educational level with patient education barriers (P?0.05).
The data showed that 31.5% of nurses believed that barriers related to management had the greatest impact on the implementation of patient education followed by 47.7% barriers to working condition, 2.7% attitude of nurses and 14.1% training skills. Chi-square test showed a significant correlation between the domains of working condition and type of hospital (P=0.048). Working condition was proved as the most important factor. Management was the second factor followed by training skills as the third. Finally, attitude of nurses was identified as the least important patient education barrier.
The results of the present study revealed three factors with highest impact as education barriers in nurses' opinion; high working load (74.5%), insufficient nursing stuff in wards (71.8%) and nursingshifts in a row (70.4%) in working condition domain. The study population reported three factors with lowest impact; training as a specific task assigned for doctors (54.4%), lack of nurses ‘selfconfidence for training (43.5%) and not delivering the trainings to patients (40.3%).
Conclusion: In attention to that the domain of nurses working conditions had the greatest impact on the education of the patients, it is recommended that official authorities to maintain nursing resource in hospitals and reduce their workload and provide facilities and conditions for educational programs to encourage nurses to consider this important issue.

 
Keyword(s): PATIENT EDUCATION, HOSPITAL NURSING STAFF, HOSPITALS
 
References: 
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