Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF HOLISTIC NURSING AND MIDWIFERY   SPRING 2016 , Volume 25 , Number 79; Page(s) 10 To 20.
 
Paper: 

EVALUATION OF KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDE OF NON-MEDICAL STUDENTS ABOUT AIDS

 
 
Author(s):  ALIPOUR Z., ESKANDARI N.*, MOKHAH S.
 
* DEPARTMENT OF MIDWIFERY, SCHOOL OF NURSING AND MIDWIFERY, QOM UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, QOM, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Introduction: Young people worldwide are considered as the major group at risk of AIDS. Education and prevention is the primary priority of health care for control of AIDS.
Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the level of knowledge and attitude of students in Qom non-medical universities on AIDS.
Methods: This study was conducted in 2012. This was a descriptive analytical study and samples included 588 students from non-medical universities in Qom city who were selected by convenient sampling method. The self-administrated questionnaire included a demographic questionnaire and Iranian- version of international questionnaire on AIDS. Data were analyzed using statistical tests including Kruscal - Wallis, Chi-square, t-test, ANOVA and Spearman correlations.
Results: Findings revealed that majority (76%) of subjects were female. 28.2% of samples received their knowledge about AIDS and its prevention ways from radio and television, 1.4% from friends and 2.6 from university sources. The mean scores of domains included transmission myths (28.34
±4.73), attitudes or prejudices about AIDS patients (19.75±3.72), personal risk (10.19±2.28), facts on AIDS transmission (12±3.41) and total score (70.04±8.77). Study results indicated that girls had more knowledge and better attitude about people with HIV/ AIDS than boys (p<0.0001).
Conclusion: Although study findings indicated that students had almost high level of knowledge and attitude in relation to HIV/AIDS but this level of knowledge is not sufficient and students need developed educational programs.

 
Keyword(s): ATTITUDE, ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME, AWARENESS, STUDENTS
 
References: 
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