Paper Information

Journal:   HEPATITIS MONTHLY   JUNE 2016 , Volume 16 , Number 6; Page(s) 0 To 0.
 
Paper: 

THE PREVALENCE OF HEPATITIS C VIRUS CORE AMINO ACID 70 SUBSTITUTION AND GENOTYPES OF POLYMORPHISMS NEAR THE IFNL3 GENE IN IRANIAN PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC HEPATITIS C

 
 
Author(s):  KADJBAF DANESH, KESHVARI MARYAM, ALAVIAN SEYED MOAYED, POURYASIN ALI, BEHNAVA BITA, SALIMI SHIMA, MEHRNOUSH LEILA, KARIMI ELIZEE PEGAH, SHARAFI HEIDAR*
 
* MIDDLE EAST LIVER DISEASE (MELD) CENTER, TEHRAN, IR IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: Molecular studies have demonstrated that the hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype and host genetics play predictive roles in the management of patients infected with HCV.
Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the HCV genotype, core amino acid (aa) 70 substitution, and polymorphisms near the IFNL3 gene (including rs12979860 and rs8099917) among Iranian patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC).
Patients and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, the molecular profiles of the HCV genotype, core aa 70 substitution, and rs12979860 and rs8099917 polymorphisms and plasma HCV RNA levels were determined in 429 CHC patients including 141 hemophilic, 84 thalassemic, and 204 non-hemophilic, non-thalassemic patients.
Results: The hepatitis C virus subtype 1a was the most common subtype in the study population. Core aa substitution Arg70Gln was strongly associated with cirrhosis (OR=2.49; 95% CI=1.13 - 5.50; P=0.020). Core aa 70 substitutions were more frequently observed in patients with the HCV subtype 1b than in patients with any other HCV subtypes (P<0.001). Core aa 70 substitutions were also more common in patients with the rs12979860 TT genotype than in patients with non-TT genotypes (17.3% vs.8.5%, P= 0.022) and also in rs8099917 non-TT genotypes than in the TT genotype (14.0% vs.7.0%, P=0.026). The HCV genotypes and rs8099917 polymorphisms were correlated in which HCV subtype 1b was in favor of rs8099917 GG and HCV subtype 3a favored rs8099917 TT (P=0.021). Furthermore, the rs12979860 TT and rs8099917 GG genotypes showed significantly lower HCV RNA levels than the other genotypes (P<0.001).
Conclusions: There is an as yet unexplained association between HCV and host parameters with unknown mechanisms in patients with chronic HCV infection. The assessments of core aa 70 substitution and polymorphisms near the IFNL3 gene could offer promising steps to improve the management of patients with HCV.

 
Keyword(s): CHRONIC HEPATITIS C, HCV GENOTYPES, HEMOPHILIA, IFN-LAMBDA-3 PROTEIN, THALASSEMIA, VIRAL CORE PROTEIN
 
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