Paper Information

Journal:   HEPATITIS MONTHLY   2016 , Volume 16 , Number 4; Page(s) 0 To 0.
 
Paper: 

NEXT STEPS TOWARD ERADICATION OF HEPATITIS C IN THE ERA OF DIRECT ACTING ANTIVIRALS (REVIEW ARTICLE)

 
 
Author(s):  HESAMIZADEH KHASHAYAR, SHARAFI HEIDAR, REZAEE ZAVAREH MOHAMMAD SAEID, BEHNAVA BITA, ALAVIAN SEYED MOAYED*
 
* BAQIYATALLAH RESEARCH CENTER FOR GASTROENTEROLOGY AND LIVER DISEASES (BRCGL), BAQIYATALLAH UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, TEHRAN, IR IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Context: After the introduction of safe and highly effective hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatments, eradication of HCV in the next 20 years is the ultimate goal. Since 2011, the advent of first generation direct acting antivirals (DAAs) were started and followed by the introduction of a new wave of DAAs in 2013 which exhibit outstanding efficacy. It is obvious that the eradication of hepatitis C is not restricted to development of DAAs.
Evidence Acquisition: An electronic search of available literature published was conducted in all peer-reviewed journal indexed in PubMed, Scopus and Google scholar. The literature search was done among articles related treatment of hepatitis C with DAAs in different patient groups with mass screening of the patients and cost benefit of new treatments as main key words.
Results: There are major steps that should be taken to eradicate HCV, including (1) the development of screening strategies, particularly for groups such as intravenous drug users and recipients of blood or blood products before the introduction of HCV screening in donors; (2) the development of strategies to overcome issues with the high cost of recently introduced treatments; (3) special attention to special patient groups, such as HIV/HCV co-infection, hemophilia, thalassemia, hemodialysis, and liver-transplant patients; and (4) development of preventive strategies, such as the development of an efficient HCV vaccine, special attention to harm reduction in high-risk groups, and promotion of mass awareness of HCV.
Conclusions: The eradication of HCV will require significant governmental financial investment for screening, prevention, and treatment of infected patients. Although, we have a long way to eradication of HCV, the next steps could be including proper planning to patient finding, availability of new treatments to all patients and development of HCV prevention strategies such as vaccines.

 
Keyword(s): HEPATITIS C, DIAGNOSIS, MASS SCREENING, TREATMENT OUTCOME
 
References: 
 
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