Click for new scientific resources and news about Corona[COVID-19]

Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF ARTHROPOD-BORNE DISEASES   JUNE 2016 , Volume 10 , Number 2; Page(s) 238 To 245.
 
Paper: 

SPECIFIC ANTIVENOM ABILITY IN NEUTRALIZING HEPATIC AND RENAL CHANGES 24 HOURS AFTER LATRODECTUS DAHLI ENVENOMATION

 
 
Author(s):  VALIKHANFARD ZANJANI ELHAM, ZARE MIRAKABADI ABBAS*, ORYAN SHAHRBANOO, GOODARZI HAMID REZA, RAJABI MAHDISE
 
* DEPARTMENT OF VENOMOUS ANIMALS AND ANTIVENOM PRODUCTION, KARAJ, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: Latrodectism, a syndrome caused by Latrodectus genus, is one of the clinical problems that occur predominantly in north east of Iran. Nowadays antivenom therapy has become the most useful treatment for animal bites; however there is still a controversy about route and time of antivenom administration in spider bite. The aim of the present study was to determine the efficacy of specific antivenom in neutralizing hepatic and renal symptoms 24 h after Latrodectus dahli envenomation.
Methods: We selected a group of male New Zealand white rabbits, weighing 2±0.3 kg. The L. dahli venom (0.5 mg/kg) was injected subcutaneously. Specific antivenom (2.5 ml, I.V) was injected 24 h following venom injection. Blood sampling was performed before and 24 h after venom injection, as well within 24, 48 and 72 h after antivenom administration. Serum levels of (aspartate amino transferase (AST) alanine amino transferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), urea, bilirubin, creatinine and albumin were determined in all the sam.
Results: Latrodectus dahli venom caused significant increase (P<0.05) in all foresaid serum parameters. Antivenom reversed the AST, ALP, creatinine, urea and bilirubin to normal levels, but failed about ALT level, also nonsignificant decrease was observed in albumin levels.
Conclusion: Antivenom administration 24 h after venom injection can greatly reverse symptoms caused by venom. Future studies in human beings should be conducted to assess the protection against the specific-Latrodectus antivenom.

 
Keyword(s): L. DAHLI, LIVER, KIDNEY, VENOM, ANTIVENOM
 
References: 
  • ندارد
 
  pdf-File tarjomyar Yearly Visit 88
 
Latest on Blog
Enter SID Blog