Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF CHILD NEUROLOGY (IJCN)   SUMMER 2016 , Volume 10 , Number 3; Page(s) 24 To 27.
 
Paper: 

NEUROLOGICAL MANIFESTATIONS OF RENAL DISEASES IN CHILDREN IN QAZVIN/ IRAN

 
 
Author(s):  DALIRANI REZA*, MAHYAR ABOLFAZL, AYAZI PARVIZ, AHMADI GHAZALEH
 
* DEPARTMENT OF PEDIATRIC NEPHROLOGY, MOFID CHILDREN HOSPITAL, PEDIATRIC NEPHROLOGY RESEARCH CENTER, SHARIATI AVENUE, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Objective Renal diseases are one of the most common causes of referrals and admissions of children, hence it is important to know their neurological presentations. This study aimed to determine neurological presentations of renal diseases in children.
Material & Methods A total of 634 children with renal diseases, admitted to Qazvin Pediatric Hospital, Qazvin, central Iran from 2011 to 2013 were studied. Neurological presentations of patients were established and the results were analyzed using statistical tests.
Results Neurological presentations were found in 18 (2.8%) out of 634 patients, of whom 15 had febrile seizures, two thromboembolism, and one encephalopathy.
Among patients with urinary tract infection (UTI), 2.6% had febrile seizures, 11.1% of those with glomerulonephritis had encephalopathy, and 3.7% of those with nephrotic syndrome had cerebral thromboembolism.
Conclusion Results showed neurological presentations in 2.8% of children with renal diseases, and febrile seizure as the most common presentation.

 
Keyword(s): NEUROLOGIC MANIFESTATIONS, RENAL DISEASE, CHILDREN
 
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