Paper Information

Journal:   GASTROENTEROLOGY AND HEPATOLOGY FROM BED TO BENCH   2016 , Volume 9 , Number 2; Page(s) 105 To 113.
 
Paper: 

COMPARISON OF THREE METHODS FOR MITOCHONDRIA ISOLATION FROM THE HUMAN LIVER CELL LINE (HEPG2)

 
 
Author(s):  AZIMZADEH PEDRAM, ASADZADEH AGHDAEI HAMID, TARBAN PEYMAN, AKHONDI MOHAMMAD MAHDI, SHIRAZI ABOLFAZL, KHORRAM KHORSHID HAMID REZA*
 
* GENETIC RESEARCH CENTER, UNIVERSITY OF SOCIAL WELFARE AND REHABILITATION SCIENCES, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare three available methods for mitochondrial isolation from a human cell line to predict the best method for each probable application.
Background: Organelle isolation is gaining importance in experimental laboratory settings. Mitochondrial dysfunction may affect tumor genesis process. There are some evidences that transplantation of healthy, intact and active mitochondria into cells containing defective mitochondria may reduce the proliferation. Therefore, isolated mitochondria could be considered as an effective tool for assessment and management of mitochondrial related disorders.
Patients and methods: Mitochondrial isolation from the human liver cell line (HepG2) was performed using two commercially available kits, including Qproteome (Qiagen) and MITOISO2 (Sigma-Aldrich), as well as a manual method. Integrity of inner membrane of mitochondria was assessed by JC-1 staining. Activity of isolated mitochondria was evaluated by DCFH-DA staining, and total yield of isolated mitochondria determined by micro-Lowry method. Finally, relative quantification using Real-time PCR was conducted to compare the mtDNA copy number of mitochondria isolated by three different methods.
Results: Compared to other methods, manual kit resulted in higher yields of total amount of mitochondrial protein and mtDNA copy numbers. Isolated mitochondria by Qproteome kit, showed a higher activity. Finally, the integrity of inner membrane of isolated mitochondria was significantly higher in Qproteome when compared with the other two methods.
Conclusion: Due to differences in quality, quantity and activity of isolated mitochondria using three techniques discussed here, the method in which best-suited to each research project should be selected according to the distinct features of isolated mitochondria.

 
Keyword(s): MITOCHONDRIAL ISOLATION, CELL LINE, HEPG2
 
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