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Paper Information

Journal:   HEPATITIS MONTHLY   FEBRUARY 2016 , Volume 16 , Number 2 ; Page(s) 0 To 0.
 
Paper: 

HOW HEPATITIS C VIRUS LEADS TO HEPATOCELLULAR CARCINOMA: A NETWORK-BASED STUDY

 
 
Author(s):  POORTAHMASEBI VAHDAT, POOREBRAHIM MANSOUR*, NAJAFI SAEIDEH, JAZAYERI SEYED MOHAMMAD, ALAVIAN SEYED MOAYED, ARAB SEYED SHAHRIAR, GHAVAMI SAEID, ALAVIAN SEYED EHSAN, REZAEI MOGHADAM ADEL, AMIRI MEHDI
 
* DEPARTMENT OF MEDICAL BIOTECHNOLOGY, SCHOOL OF ADVANCED TECHNOLOGIES IN MEDICINE, TEHRAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, TEHRAN, IR IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) has been known as a major cause of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) worldwide. However, the distinct molecular mechanisms underlying the effects of HCV proteins on the HCC progression have remained unclear.
Objectives: In the present study, we studied the possible role of HCV in the HCC initiation and invasion using topological analysis of protein-protein interaction (PPI) networks.
Materials and Methods: After analysis with GEO2R, a PPI network of differentially expressed genes (DEGs) was constructed for both chronic HCV and HCC samples. The STRING and GeneMANIA databases were used to determine the putative interactions between DEGs. In parallel, the functional annotation of DEGs was performed using g: Profiler web tool. The topological analysis and network visualization was carried outperformed using Cytoscape software and the top hub genes were identified. We determined the hub genes-related miRNAs using miRTarBase server and reconstructed a miRNA-Hubgene network.
Results: Based on the topological analysis of miRNA-Hubgene network, we identified the key hub miRNAs. In order to identify the most important common sub-network, we aligned two PPI networks using NETAL tool. The c-Jun gene was identified as the most important hub gene in both HCV and HCC networks. Furthermore, the hsa-miR-34a, hsa-miR-155, hsa-miR-24, hsa-miR-744 and hsa-miR-92a were recognized as the most important hub miRNAs with positive correlation in the chronic HCV and HCC samples. Functional annotation of differentially expressed miRNAs (DEMs) using the tool for annotations of human miRNAs (TAM) revealed that there is a considerable overlap between miRNA gene expression profiles of HCV-infected and HCC cells.
Conclusions: Our results revealed the possible crucial genes and miRNAs involved in the initiation and progression of HCC cells infected with HCV.

 
Keyword(s): HCV, HCC, TOPOLOGICAL ANALYSIS, PPI NETWORKS, MIRNA
 
References: 
 
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