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Paper Information

Journal:   HEPATITIS MONTHLY   FEBRUARY 2016 , Volume 16 , Number 2 ; Page(s) 0 To 0.
 
Paper: 

PATTERN OF HEPATITIS A VIRUS EPIDEMIOLOGY IN NURSING STUDENTS AND ADHERENCE TO PREVENTIVE MEASURES AT TWO TRAININGWARDS OF A UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL

 
 
Author(s):  CAMPAGNA MARCELLO*, MEREU NOEMI MARIA, MULAS LUCIA, PILIA ROBERTA, FRANCESCA PIAZZA MARIA, SPADA LAURA, LAI ALBERTO, PORTOGHESE IGOR, GALLETTA MAURA, MASIA GIUSEPPINA, RESTIVO ANGELO, MURA PAOLO, FINCO GABRIELE, COPPOLA ROSA CRISTINA
 
* MARCELLO CAMPAGNA, DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC HEALTH, CLINICAL AND MOLECULAR MEDICINE, UNIVERSITY OF CAGLIARI, CAGLIARI, ITALY
 
Abstract: 

Background: Nursing students can be exposed to patients with hepatitis A virus (HAV) and can represent a vehicle of transmission both for health personnel, patients and relatives.
Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the risk of HAV infection in nursing students during their internship.
Patients and Methods: A seroprevalence survey on HAV infection was performed on nursing students at the Cagliari universityhospital, together with the assessment of the compliance to preventive measures to decrease the risk of infection during their internship.
Blood specimens were obtained from 253 students. All serum samples were tested for anti-HAV antibodies (IgG) by the enzymelinked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Compliance to preventive measures was recorded by trained personnel.
Results: Overall HAV seropositivity in nursing students (mean age 24, range 17 - 45 years) was 3%. Compliance to preventive measures was not uniform (6% - 76%) and extremely low in some specific measures targeted to decrease the oral-fecal transmission.
Conclusions: The high proportion of susceptible nursing students can contribute to an increase in the risk of nosocomial transmission, especially when specific preventive measures are not completely applied. Nursing education packages, before starting medical internship, should be implemented in order to increase their compliance to preventive measures, especially in wards at higher risk.
Vaccination should be considered in wards at higher risk.

 
Keyword(s): NURSING STUDENTS, HEPATITIS A, EPIDEMIOLOGY, HERD IMMUNITY, PREVENTIVE MEASURES
 
References: 
 
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