Paper Information

Journal:   HEPATITIS MONTHLY   FEBRUARY 2016 , Volume 16 , Number 2 ; Page(s) 0 To 0.
 
Paper: 

DIAGNOSTIC ESTIMATION OF NONINVASIVE TESTS FOR HEPATIC FIBROSIS IN CHRONIC HEPATITIS B PATIENTS WITHOUT A GOLD STANDARD

 
 
Author(s):  ZHENG YI XIANG, MA SHU JUAN, LU MENG HOU*
 
* VIRAL HEPATITIS KEY LABORATORY OF HUNAN PROVINCE, DEPARTMENT OF INFECTIOUS DISEASE, XIANGYA HOSPITAL, CENTRAL SOUTH UNIVERSITY, CHANGSHA, CHINA
 
Abstract: 

Background: Assessment of hepatic fibrosis stage in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) is indispensable for prognosis evaluation and therapeutic regime. Noninvasive tests are fast, safe and cheap and need low technical requirements for diagnosing hepatic fibrosis in CHB patients.
Objectives: Using the latent class model with a random-factor to estimate relative accuracy of noninvasive tests for the diagnosis of hepatic fibrosis without a gold standard in a large population with CHB.
Patients and Methods: A total of 544 patients with CHB were assessed for fibrosis stage by four noninvasive tests containing liver stiffness measurement (LSM), aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index (APRI), fibrosis index based on 4 factors (FIB-4) and globulin and platelet (GP). The diagnostic evaluation was made by the latent class method with random effect which analyzed the clinical data above to assess the accuracy of four ways of noninvasive diagnosis.
Results: The latent class model with random effect permitted to conciliate the observed data and estimates of test performances. For significant fibrosis, the specificity/sensitivity were 83.24%/91.59% (APRI), 90.05%/95.57% (FIB-4), 75.11%/66.01% (LSM) and 71.13%/98.33% (GP), respectively. For cirrhosis, the specificity/sensitivity were 84.04%/17.91% (APRI), 89.86%/17.09 (FIB-4), 78.64%/37.07% (LSM) and 82.28%/37.07% (GP), respectively.
Conclusions: FIB-4 confirmed the best value for diagnosis of significant fibrosis. APRI had a sub-optimal diagnosis accuracy for significant fibrosis. LSM showed the most balance diagnosis value for cirrhosis with the highest sensitivity and moderate specificity.

 
Keyword(s): HEPATITIS B, LIVER CIRRHOSIS, DIAGNOSIS, LATENT CLASS MODEL
 
References: 
 
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