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Paper Information

Journal:   ACTA MEDICA IRANICA   2016 , Volume 54 , Number 7; Page(s) 465 To 470.
 
Paper: 

CAUSTIC AGENT INGESTION BY A 1.5-YEAR-OLD BOY

 
 
Author(s):  GHARIB BEHDAD, MOHAMMADPOUR MASOUD, YAGHMAIE BAHAREH*, SHARIFZADEH MEISAM, MEHDIZADEH MEHRZAD, ZAMANI FATEMEH, EDALATKHAH ROUHOLLAH, MOHSENIPOUR REIHANEH
 
* DEPARTMENT OF PEDIATRIC INTENSIVE CARE, CHILDREN’S MEDICAL CENTER, TEHRAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

We present a case of caustic ingestion by a 1.5-year-old boy. The caustic agent was drain opener which is a strong alkaline substance. Children in Iran and many other countries are still exposed to not “child proof” (child resistant packaging) toxic substance containers. Ingestion of caustic agents may lead to necrosis, perforation, and strictures. Substances that are ingested more frequently are liquid alkali material which causes severe, deep liquefaction necrosis. Common signs and symptoms of caustic agents are vomiting, drooling, refusal to drink, oral burns, stridor, hematemesis, dyspnea, dysphagia and abdominal pain. Even if no oropharyngeal lesion is seen, a significant esophageal injury which can lead to perforation and stricture cannot be ruled out. If abdominal pain or rigidity, substernal, chest or back pain exists, visceral perforation should be considered. The first thing to be checked is airway assessment. A lot of patients should be admitted to intensive care unit, and endoscopic evaluation, surgical intervention, long-term hospitalization, and worsening quality of life or among the complications. Preventive measures especially at the country level and approving proper legislation for obligating the related industries to produce child proof containers for house hold toxic products are the urgent measures to be followed by all of us.

 
Keyword(s): CAUSTIC INGESTION, ESOPHAGEAL BURNS, ENDOSCOPIC EVALUATION
 
 
References: 
 
Citations: 
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APA: Copy

GHARIB, B., & MOHAMMADPOUR, M., & YAGHMAIE, B., & SHARIFZADEH, M., & MEHDIZADEH, M., & ZAMANI, F., & EDALATKHAH, R., & MOHSENIPOUR, R. (2016). CAUSTIC AGENT INGESTION BY A 1.5-YEAR-OLD BOY. ACTA MEDICA IRANICA, 54(7), 465-470. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=510200



Vancouver: Copy

GHARIB BEHDAD, MOHAMMADPOUR MASOUD, YAGHMAIE BAHAREH, SHARIFZADEH MEISAM, MEHDIZADEH MEHRZAD, ZAMANI FATEMEH, EDALATKHAH ROUHOLLAH, MOHSENIPOUR REIHANEH. CAUSTIC AGENT INGESTION BY A 1.5-YEAR-OLD BOY. ACTA MEDICA IRANICA. 2016 [cited 2021August05];54(7):465-470. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=510200



IEEE: Copy

GHARIB, B., MOHAMMADPOUR, M., YAGHMAIE, B., SHARIFZADEH, M., MEHDIZADEH, M., ZAMANI, F., EDALATKHAH, R., MOHSENIPOUR, R., 2016. CAUSTIC AGENT INGESTION BY A 1.5-YEAR-OLD BOY. ACTA MEDICA IRANICA, [online] 54(7), pp.465-470. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=510200.



 
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