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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF ARTHROPOD-BORNE DISEASES   SEPTEMBER 2016 , Volume 10 , Number 3; Page(s) 405 To 414.
 
Paper: 

DETECTION OF BENDIOCARB AND CARBARYL RESISTANCE MECHANISMS AMONG GERMAN COCKROACH BLATTELLA GERMANICA (BLATTARIA: BLATTELLIDAE) COLLECTED FROM TABRIZ HOSPITALS, EAST AZERBAIJAN PROVINCE, IRAN IN 2013

 
 
Author(s):  SALEHI AFSHIN, VATANDOOST HASSAN, HAZRATIAN TEIMOUR, SANEI DEHKORDI ALIREZA, HOOSHYAR HOSSEIN, ARBABI MOHSEN, SALIM ABADI YASER, SHARAFATI CHALESHTORI REZA, GOROUHI MOHAMMAD AMIN, PAKSA AZIM*
 
* DEPARTMENT OF PARASITOLOGY, SCHOOL OF MEDICINE, KASHAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, KASHAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: Insecticide resistance is one of the serious problems for German cockroach control program. This study was conducted to determine the bendiocarb and Carbaryl resistance mechanisms in German cockroaches using the piperonyl butoxide (PBO).
Methods: Bioassay tests were conducted with 4 to 6 different concentrations of both insecticides with four replicates of 10 susceptible strain cockroaches per concentration to determine of discriminative concentration. After determining discriminative concentration, the result was compared to wild strain. The levels of susceptibility and resistance ratio (RR) and synergism ratio (SR) were calculated for each five wild strains. Moreover resistance mechanisms in wild strains were determined using PBO synergist in vivo.
Results: Hospital strains showed different levels of resistance to bendiocarb and carbaryl compared to susceptible strain. The bendiocarb and carbaryl resistance ratios ranged from 2.11 to 7.97 and 1.67 to 2 at LD50 levels, respectively. The synergist PBO significantly enhanced the toxicity of bendiocarb and carbaryl to all strains with different degrees of synergist ratio, 1.31, 1.39, 3.61, 1.78, 1.62 and 2.1 fold for bendiocarb, 1.19, 1.18, 1.12. 1.29, 1.45 and 1.11- fold for carbaryl, suggesting monooxygenase involvement in bendiocarb and carbaryl resistance.
Conclusion: The synergetic effect of PBO had the highest effect on bendiocarb and resistance level was significantly reduced, which indicates the important role of monoxidase enzyme in creating resistance to Bendiocarb. Piperonyl butoxide did not have a significant synergistic effect on carbaryl and did not significantly break the resistance.

 
Keyword(s): GERMAN COCKROACH, RESISTANCE MECHANISM, CARBARYL, BENDIOCARB
 
 
References: 
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APA: Copy

SALEHI, A., & VATANDOOST, H., & HAZRATIAN, T., & SANEI DEHKORDI, A., & HOOSHYAR, H., & ARBABI, M., & SALIM ABADI, Y., & SHARAFATI CHALESHTORI, R., & GOROUHI, M., & PAKSA, A. (2016). DETECTION OF BENDIOCARB AND CARBARYL RESISTANCE MECHANISMS AMONG GERMAN COCKROACH BLATTELLA GERMANICA (BLATTARIA: BLATTELLIDAE) COLLECTED FROM TABRIZ HOSPITALS, EAST AZERBAIJAN PROVINCE, IRAN IN 2013. JOURNAL OF ARTHROPOD-BORNE DISEASES, 10(3), 405-414. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=510187



Vancouver: Copy

SALEHI AFSHIN, VATANDOOST HASSAN, HAZRATIAN TEIMOUR, SANEI DEHKORDI ALIREZA, HOOSHYAR HOSSEIN, ARBABI MOHSEN, SALIM ABADI YASER, SHARAFATI CHALESHTORI REZA, GOROUHI MOHAMMAD AMIN, PAKSA AZIM. DETECTION OF BENDIOCARB AND CARBARYL RESISTANCE MECHANISMS AMONG GERMAN COCKROACH BLATTELLA GERMANICA (BLATTARIA: BLATTELLIDAE) COLLECTED FROM TABRIZ HOSPITALS, EAST AZERBAIJAN PROVINCE, IRAN IN 2013. JOURNAL OF ARTHROPOD-BORNE DISEASES. 2016 [cited 2021July31];10(3):405-414. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=510187



IEEE: Copy

SALEHI, A., VATANDOOST, H., HAZRATIAN, T., SANEI DEHKORDI, A., HOOSHYAR, H., ARBABI, M., SALIM ABADI, Y., SHARAFATI CHALESHTORI, R., GOROUHI, M., PAKSA, A., 2016. DETECTION OF BENDIOCARB AND CARBARYL RESISTANCE MECHANISMS AMONG GERMAN COCKROACH BLATTELLA GERMANICA (BLATTARIA: BLATTELLIDAE) COLLECTED FROM TABRIZ HOSPITALS, EAST AZERBAIJAN PROVINCE, IRAN IN 2013. JOURNAL OF ARTHROPOD-BORNE DISEASES, [online] 10(3), pp.405-414. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=510187.



 
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