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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF ARTHROPOD-BORNE DISEASES   SEPTEMBER 2016 , Volume 10 , Number 3; Page(s) 330 To 336.
 
Paper: 

DIVERSITY OF SAND FLIES (DIPTERA: PSYCHODIDAE) IN ENDEMIC FOCUS OF VISCERAL LEISHMANIASIS IN AZAR SHAHR DISTRICT, EAST AZARBAIJAN PROVINCE, NORTH WEST OF IRAN

 
 
Author(s):  HAZRATIAN TEIMOUR, VATANDOOST HASAN, OSHAGHI MOHAMMAD ALI, YAGHOOBI ERSHADI MOHAMMAD REZA, FALLAH ESMAEL, RAFIZADEH SAYENA, SHIRZADI MOHAMMAD REZA, SHAYEGHI MANSOREH, AKBARZADEH KAMERAN, RASSI YAVAR*
 
* DEPARTMENT OF MEDICAL ENTOMOLOGY AND VECTOR CONTROL, SCHOOL OF PUBLIC HEALTH, TEHRAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: There are nearly 1000 species of Phlebotomine sand flies in 6 genera, of which only two, Phlebotomus in the old world and Lutzomyia in the new world are medically important. Globally, leishmaniasis prevalent in 98 countries and affects estimated 12 million people with almost two million new cases per year. Some rural areas of Azarshahr District in East Azarbaijan Province have been reported to be endemic for visceral leishmaniasis. This study is the first attempt to determine the species diversity and density in a new focus of visceral leishmaniasis in Azarshahr District, East Azarbaijan Province, Iran.
Methods: Sand flies were collected form indoor and outdoor biweekly using sticky traps. Diversity index of the collected sand flies within different villages were estimated by the Shannon-Weaver.
Results: The activity of the sand flies extended from April to October with one peak in August. Diversity of sand flies within study area were estimated as 0.917, 1.867, 1.339, 1.673, and 1.562 in Almalodash, Jaragil, Segaiesh, Amirdizaj, and Germezgol Vvillages, respectively.
Conclusion: Identifying the diversity and seasonal abundance of the collected species is of importance for prediction of the period of maximum risk for leishmaniasis transmission and for the successful implementation of a control program. Species diversity is one of the most important factors in ecological studies.

 
Keyword(s): DIVERSITY, DENSITY, SAND FLIES, VISCERAL LEISHMANIASIS, AZAR SHAHR, IRAN
 
 
References: 
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APA: Copy

HAZRATIAN, T., & VATANDOOST, H., & OSHAGHI, M., & YAGHOOBI ERSHADI, M., & FALLAH, E., & RAFIZADEH, S., & SHIRZADI, M., & SHAYEGHI, M., & AKBARZADEH, K., & RASSI, Y. (2016). DIVERSITY OF SAND FLIES (DIPTERA: PSYCHODIDAE) IN ENDEMIC FOCUS OF VISCERAL LEISHMANIASIS IN AZAR SHAHR DISTRICT, EAST AZARBAIJAN PROVINCE, NORTH WEST OF IRAN. JOURNAL OF ARTHROPOD-BORNE DISEASES, 10(3), 330-336. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=510146



Vancouver: Copy

HAZRATIAN TEIMOUR, VATANDOOST HASAN, OSHAGHI MOHAMMAD ALI, YAGHOOBI ERSHADI MOHAMMAD REZA, FALLAH ESMAEL, RAFIZADEH SAYENA, SHIRZADI MOHAMMAD REZA, SHAYEGHI MANSOREH, AKBARZADEH KAMERAN, RASSI YAVAR. DIVERSITY OF SAND FLIES (DIPTERA: PSYCHODIDAE) IN ENDEMIC FOCUS OF VISCERAL LEISHMANIASIS IN AZAR SHAHR DISTRICT, EAST AZARBAIJAN PROVINCE, NORTH WEST OF IRAN. JOURNAL OF ARTHROPOD-BORNE DISEASES. 2016 [cited 2021August04];10(3):330-336. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=510146



IEEE: Copy

HAZRATIAN, T., VATANDOOST, H., OSHAGHI, M., YAGHOOBI ERSHADI, M., FALLAH, E., RAFIZADEH, S., SHIRZADI, M., SHAYEGHI, M., AKBARZADEH, K., RASSI, Y., 2016. DIVERSITY OF SAND FLIES (DIPTERA: PSYCHODIDAE) IN ENDEMIC FOCUS OF VISCERAL LEISHMANIASIS IN AZAR SHAHR DISTRICT, EAST AZARBAIJAN PROVINCE, NORTH WEST OF IRAN. JOURNAL OF ARTHROPOD-BORNE DISEASES, [online] 10(3), pp.330-336. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=510146.



 
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