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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF ARTHROPOD-BORNE DISEASES   SEPTEMBER 2016 , Volume 10 , Number 3; Page(s) 317 To 329.
 
Paper: 

IMPACT OF CLIMATE AND ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS ON WEST NILE VIRUS CIRCULATION IN IRAN

 
 
Author(s):  AHMADNEJAD FARZANEH*, OTAROD VAHID, FATHNIA AMANOLLAH, AHMADABADI ALI, FALLAH MOHAMMAD H., ZAVAREH ALIREZA, MIANDEHI NARGESS, DURAND BENOIT, SABATIER PHILIPPE
 
* VIRAL VACCINES PRODUCTION DEPARTMENT, PASTEUR INSTITUTE, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: Geographic distribution of West Nile virus (WNV) is heterogeneous in Iran by a high circulation in the southern-western areas. The objective of our study was to determine environmental and climatic factors associated with the risk of WNV equine seropositivity in Iran.
Methods: Serological data were obtained from a serosurvey conducted in equine population in 260 districts in Iran. The climate and environmental parameters included in the models were distance to the nearest wetland area, type of stable, Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), annual mean temperature, humidity and precipitation.
Results: The important risk factors included annual mean temperature, distance to wetlands, local and seasonal NDVI differences. The effect of local NDVI differences in spring was particularly notable. This was a normalized difference of average NDVI between two areas: a 5 km radius area centered on the stable and the 5-10 km surrounding area.
Conclusion: The model indicated that local NDVI’s contrast during spring is a major risk factor of the transmission of West-Nile virus in Iran. This so-called oasis effect consistent with the seasonal production of vegetation in spring, and is associated to the attractiveness of the local NDVI environment for WNV vectors and hosts.

 
Keyword(s): WEST NILE VIRUS, ENVIRONMENT, CLIMATE, NDVI, WETLAND
 
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