Paper Information

Journal:   ADVANCES IN ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY   2015 , Volume 1 , Number 2; Page(s) 85 To 92.
 
Paper: 

DECOLORIZATION OF IONIC DYES FROM SYNTHESIZED TEXTILE WASTEWATER BY NANOFILTRATION USING RESPONSE SURFACE METHODOLOGY

 
 
Author(s):  ASKARI NAJMEH, FARHADIAN MEHRDAD*, RAZMJOU AMIR
 
* DEPARTMENT OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING, FACULTY OF ENGINEERING, UNIVERSITY OF ISFAHAN, ISFAHAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Decolorization of aqueous solutions containing ionic dyes (Reactive Blue 19 and Acid Black 172) by a TFC commercial polyamide nanofilter (NF) in a spiral wound configuration was studied. The effect of operating parameters including feed concentration (60-180 mg/l), pressure (0.5-1.1 MPa) and pH (6-10) on dye removal efficiency was evaluated. The response surface method (RSM) was utilized for the experimental design and statistical analysis to identify the impact of each factor. The results showed that an increase in the dye concentration and pH can significantly enhance the removal efficiency from 88% and 87% up to 95% and 93% for Reactive and Acid dye, respectively. Results showed that dye removal efficiency increased by an increase in pressure from 0.5 to 0.8 MPa, while further increase in pressure decreased the removal efficiency. The maximum dye removal efficiencies which were predicted at the optimum conditions by Design Expert software were 97 % and 94 % for Reactive Blue 19 and Acid Black 172, respectively. According to the results of this study, NF processes can be used at a significantly lower pressure and fouling issue for reuse applications as an alternative to the widely used RO process.

 
Keyword(s): ENVIRONMENT, WASTEWATER TREATMENT, WATER REUSE, NANOFILTRATION, IONIC DYE, TEXTILE WASTEWATER
 
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